Religious hate speech for children on PA TV


Child recites poem:
Jews – “Allah’s enemies, the sons of pigs”
“murdered children,” “cut off their limbs,”
“raped the women in the city squares”
and “defiled Allah’s book”

Earlier this month, Palestinian children were taught Islam-based hatred of Jews on the weekly PA TV children’s show The Best Home. A young girl recited a poem filled with both Islamic hate messages and other libels demonizing Jews. The poem taught Palestinian children that Jews, “Allah’s enemies, the sons of pigs,” defiled the Quran and Jerusalem, both crimes against Islam, and “murdered children,” “cut off their limbs,” and “raped the women in the city squares.” Palestinian Media Watch has documented that this weekly PA TV children’s program teaches hatred and denial of Israel’s existence.

The suggested response to Jews and Zionists offered in this hate poem is military and Islamic:

“Where is the nation of Islam?
Where are the nation of Islam and the Jihad fighters?”

At the end of the recital of the hate poem, the young program host applauded enthusiastically and said:

“Bravo, applause, applause, applause to Hadeel.”

The poem also included a tribute to Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah organization and Arafat:

“From between the whistles of the bullets I sing:
‘Long live the nation of Fatah and Yasser Arafat.'”

This Islam-based hatred that in the past was associated exclusively with Hamas is now appearing in mainstream PA children’s education as well.

The following is the text of the hate poem recited by a young girl on PA TV’s children’s program:

Girl: “Allah created me and formed meHe made me prouder and made me a PalestinianHe made defiance flow like blood in my veinsAnd I made the revolution burst forth like clay stonesI raised the flags of certain victory:Allah’s book [the Quran] and the tradition of the most esteemed among prophets [Muhammad].I called in the voice of hidden justiceI lit a fire like volcanoes under their feetI refused to be submissive and degradedI rejected [everything] but dying with the honor that will give me lifeFrom a nation that has forgotten the Muslims’ heroism- Omar ibn al-Khattab and Saladin – [Muslim fighters who conquered Jerusalem]from between the whistles of the bullets I sing:’Long live the nation of Fatah and Yasser Arafat’Allah’s enemies, the sons of pigs (i.e., Jews, in Islamic tradition)Destroyed and uprooted the olive and fig treesThey murdered children with guns, like snakesThey cut off their limbs with stones and knivesThey raped the women in the city squaresThey defiled Allah’s book [the Quran] in front of millionsWhere is the nation of Islam?Where are the nation of Islam and the Jihad fighters?Where is the fear of Allah in Jerusalem, which has been defiled by the Zionists?”PA TV host: “Bravo, applause, applause, applause to Hadeel.”

[PA TV (Fatah), March 22, 2013]

2 thoughts on “Religious hate speech for children on PA TV

  1. Convict Murders his father in Church on Easter Sunday in the name of ‘Allah’ APRIL 1, 2013 I Reshad Riddle entered a local church in Ashtabula, OH on Easter Sunday and shot his own father dead while referring to it as ‘the will of Allah’. This would mean that Riddle was doing Allah’s will, would it not? Via Huffington Post: An ex-convict charged with killing his father at an Easter Sunday church service in Ohio made rambling comments during an appearance in court and the prosecutor requested a psychiatric evaluation. The suspect, 25-year-old Reshad Riddle, appeared Monday afternoon in Ashtabula (ash-tuh-BYOO’-luh) Municipal Court in an orange jail jumpsuit with his ankles and wrists in chains. The bearded Riddle made rambling comments about God and said he wanted to be treated fairly. The prosecutor asked for $1 million bail and, if he makes it, a psychiatric evaluation and 24-hour monitoring. Check out this excerpt from a CBS News report on the murder: Reshad Riddle was quickly subdued by officers, who arrived just moments after the shooting. They say he has beenmostly cooperative. Is it a good thing to be afflicted with Islamophobia? Get the new book from Walid Shoebat, The Case FOR ISLAMOPHOBIA: Jihad by the Word; America’s Final Warning. A few things to consider… If Riddle is being “cooperative”, how come we don’t have reports about his religion? There are reports that he is “bearded”. Among other things, reports are that Riddle is an ex-convict (did he convert to Islam in prison?). To this point, while prosecutors are requesting a “psychiatric evaluation”, not one news report is revealing Riddle’s religion, only that he murdered his father in the name of ‘Allah’. On almost every page . . . In a Friday’s “Real Time” interview with Rep. Keith Ellison (the first Muslim elected to the United States Congress), Bill Maher quoted from Sam Harris’ book, The End of Faith, saying On almost every page, the Quran instructs observant Muslims to despise nonbelievers. To which Rep. Ellison replied That’s absurd, ridiculous, and untrue. But is it? Let’s open a Quran and see. The Quran isn’t a very big book. Its 114 chapters (or surahs) take up only 400 or so pages. And yet there are 534 intolerant passages, including over 200 verses that include these words (or a variant thereof): “And for the disbelievers, Allah has prepared a painful doom.” Here’s what Allah says about disbelievers in the Quran. Allah loveth not the disbelievers. Quran 3:32 Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers. Quran 2:98 Those who disbelieve Our revelations, We shall expose them to the Fire. As often as their skins are consumed We shall exchange them for fresh skins that they may taste the torment. Quran 4:56 But as for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will be cut out for them; boiling fluid will be poured down on their heads, Whereby that which is in their bellies, and their skins too, will be melted; And for them are hooked rods of iron. Whenever, in their anguish, they would go forth from thence they are driven back therein and (it is said unto them): Taste the doom of burning. Quran 22:19-22 So clearly, Allah despises disbelievers. But what about Muslims? How does the Quran instruct Muslims to view disbelievers? As for the Disbelievers, Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for them; they believe not. Allah hath sealed their hearing and their hearts, and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be an awful doom. Quran 2:6-7 Those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers; on them is the curse of Allah and of angels and of men combined. Quran 2:161 Slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution is worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers. Quran 2:191 Let not the believers take disbelievers for their friends in preference to believers. Quran 3:28 Those who believe do battle for the cause of Allah; and those who disbelieve do battle for the cause of idols. So fight the minions of the devil. Quran 4:76 They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve, that ye may be upon a level (with them). So choose not friends from them till they forsake their homes in the way of Allah; if they turn back (to enmity) then take them and kill them wherever ye find them, and choose no friend nor helper from among them. Quran 4:89 In truth the disbelievers are an open enemy to you. Quran 4:101 O ye who believe! Choose not disbelievers for (your) friends in place of believers. Would ye give Allah a clear warrant against you? Quran 4:144 The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His messenger and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet on alternate sides cut off, or will be expelled out of the land. Such will be their degradation in the world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom. Quran 5:33 O ye who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians for friends. They are friends one to another. He among you who taketh them for friends is (one) of them. Quran 5:51 O ye who believe! Choose not your fathers nor your brethren for friends if they take pleasure in disbelief rather than faith. Whoso of you taketh them for friends, such are wrong-doers. Quran 9:23 Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a hapless journey’s end. Quran 9:73 O ye who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you, and let them find harshness in you, and know that Allah is with those who keep their duty (unto Him). Quran 9:123 Never be a helper to the disbelievers. Quran 28:86 Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. And those with him are hard against the disbelievers and merciful among themselves.Quran 48:29 Thou wilt not find folk who believe in Allah and the Last Day loving those who oppose Allah and His messenger, even though they be their fathers or their sons or their brethren Quran 58:22 O ye who believe! Choose not My enemy and your enemy for allies. Do ye give them friendship when they disbelieve. Quran 60:1 O ye who believe! Be not friendly with a folk with whom Allah is wroth, (a folk) who have despaired of the Hereafter as the disbelievers despair of those who are in the graves. Quran 60:13 Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern with them. Hell will be their home, a hapless journey’s end.Quran 66:9 So Sam Harris had it about right. On almost every page, the Quran instructs observant Muslims to despise nonbelievers. It’s not absurd, ridiculous, or untrue. (Open a Quran and see for yourself.) Book of Jihad and Military Expeditions The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari by Imam Bukhari Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley Chapter 61. Book of Jihad and Military Expeditions I: The excellence of jihad and military expeditions The words of Allah Almighty, “Allah has bought from the believers their selves and their wealth in return for them having the Garden. They fight in the way of Allah, and they kill and are killed. It is a promise binding on Him in the Torah, the Injil and the Qur’an and who is truer to his contract than Allah? Rejoice then in the bargain you have made. That is the great victory. Those who turn in repentance, those who worship, those who praise, those who fast, those who bow, those who prostrate, those who command the right, those who forbid the wrong, those who preserve the limits of Allah: give good news to the believers.” (9:111-112) Ibn ‘Abbas said that the “limits” (hudud) is obedience. 2630. It is related that ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, “I asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘Messenger of Allah, which action is best?’ He replied, ‘The prayer at its proper time.’ I asked, ‘Then what?’ He answered, ‘Then devotion to parents.’ I asked, ‘Then what?’ He said, Jihad in the way of Allah.’ Then I was silent and stopped asking the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but if I had asked for more, he would have told me more.” 2631. It is related that Ibn ‘Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is no hijra after the Conquest of Makka, but there is jihad and intention. When you are called upon to fight, then go forth.” 2632. It is related that ‘A’isha said, “Messenger of Allah, we see that jihad is the best action so should we not do jihad?” He replied, “Rather the best jihad is an accepted hajj.” 2633. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, “A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Direct me to an action which is equal tojihad.’ He said, ‘I do not find any.’ He added, ‘When the one doing jihad sets out, can you then enter your mosque and pray without stopping and fast without breaking the fast?’ He asked, ‘Who can do that?\'” Abu Hurayra said, “Good deeds are written for the one going on jihad for the steps his horse takes while grazing tied by its rope.” II: The best of people is the believer who does jihad with his person and his property in the Way of Allah The words of Allah Almighty, “O you who believe! Shall I direct you to a transaction which will save you from a painful punishment? That you believe in Allah and His Messenger and do jihad in the Way of Allah with your wealth and yourselves. That is better for you if you only knew. He will forgive you your wrong actions and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, and fine dwellings in the Gardens of Eden. That is the Great Victory.” (61:10-12) 2634. It is related that Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said, “It was asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, who is the best of people?’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, ‘A believer who does jihad in the way of Allah with his person and his wealth.’ They asked, ‘Then who?’ He answered, ‘A believer in one of the mountain ravines who is fearful of Allah and spares people of his evil.\'” 2635. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, “The likeness of someone who does jihad in the Way of Allah – and Allah knows best the one who does jihad in His Way – is like someone who fasts and prays constantly, and Allah guarantees for the one who does jihad in His way that if He dies, He will admit him into the Garden, or else he will either return whole with reward or booty.” (Muwatta, Book 21, 1) III: Supplication for jihad and martyrdom for both men and women Ibn ‘Umar said, “O Allah, provide me with martyrdom in the land of Your Messenger!” 2636. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit Umm Haram bint Milhan and she would feed him. Umm Haram was married to ‘Ubada ibn as-Samit. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited her and she fed him and began to delouse his head. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to sleep and then woke up smiling. She said, ‘I said, “What made you smile, Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Some people from my community who were shown me raiding in the way of Allah, riding the middle of this sea like kings on throne” (or like the kings on the thrones – Ishaq was unsure).”‘ She said, ‘I said, “Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to put me among them!”‘ So the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made supplication for her. ‘Then he put his head down and then woke up smiling. I said, “What made you smile, Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Some people from my community who were shown me raiding in the way of Allah,” as he said the first time.’ She said, ‘I said, “Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to put me among them!” He said, “You are among the first.\'” She embarked on the sea in the time of Mu’awiya ibn Abi Sufyan and was thrown from her animal when she left the sea and was killed.” (Muwatta, Book 21, 39) IV: The degrees of those doing jihad in the way of Allah. (One says “this is my way” in either the feminine or masculine.) Abu ‘Abdullah said that the singular of ghuza (3:156) is ghâzî. “They are degrees”(3:163) is “they have degrees.” 2637. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If someone believes in Allah and His Messenger and establishes the prayer and fasts Ramadan, it is mandatory for Allah to admit him to the Garden, whether he does jihad in the Way of Allah or sits in the land where he was born.” They asked, “Messenger of Allah, shall we give the people the good news?” He said, “In the Garden there are a hundred degrees which Allah has prepared for those who do jihad in the way of Allah. Between each two degrees is the space between heaven and earth. When you ask Allah, ask Him for Firdaws which is in the middle of the Garden and the top of the Garden.” I think that he said, “above the Throne of the All-Merciful and from it spring the rivers of the Garden.” Muhammad ibn Fulayj said from his father, “Above it is the Throne of the All-Merciful.” 2638. It is related from Samura that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I dreamt in the night that two men came to me and climbed the tree and admitted me into the most beautiful and excellent house and I have never seen any more beautiful than it. They said, ‘This house is the house of the martyrs.\'” V: Morning and evening in the way of Allah. A bow ‘s length of one of you in the Garden 2639. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A morning spent in the way of Allah or an evening is better than this world and everything it contains.” 2640. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, “A bow’s length of the Garden is better than everything on which the sun rises and sets,” and he said, “A morning or evening in the way of Allah is better than that on which the sun rises and sets.” 2641. It is related from Sahl ibn Sa’d that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A morning or an evening spent in the way of Allah is better than this world and everything it contains.” VI: The wide-eyed houris and their description. The eye is bewildered by them and the contrast of intense blackness and whiteness in their eyes “We married them” (44:54) means “We gave them in marriage”. 2642. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is no one who has died and found good with Allah who would be happy to return to this world, even if he were to have this world and what is in it , except for the martyr. When he sees the virtue of martyrdom, he would be happy to return to his world and be killed again.” 2643. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “An evening spent in the way of Allah or an morning is better than this world and everything it contains. The amount of a bow’s length of one of you in the Garden – or the place of his lash, i.e. his whip – is better than this world and what is contains. If a woman of the people of the Garden were to appear to the people of the earth, she would illuminate what is between the heaven and the earth and will it with fragrance. The scarf on her head is better than this world and what is contains.” VII: Wishing for martyrdom 2644. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘By the One in whose hand my soul is, if it were not that there are men among the believers who would not be happy to stay behind me and I have not got the wherewithal to provide them with mounts, I would never stay behind from any expedition in the Way of Allah. By the One in whose hand my soul is, I would love to be killed in the way of Allah and then be brought to life, and then be killed and then be brought to life, and then be killed and then brought to life, and then be killed again.” 2645. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave a speech and said, “Zayd took the standard and was struck down. Then Ja’far took it and was struck down. Then ‘Abdullah ibn Rawaha took it and was struck down. Then Khalid ibn al-Walid took it without being appointed commander and was given victory.’ He further said, ‘It would not make us happy to have them with us.\'” Ayyub said, “Or he said, ‘It would not make them happy to be with us,’ and his eyes were weeping.” VIII: The excellence of the one who is thrown while going out in the Way of Allah and dies. He is one of the martyrs The words of Allah Almighty, “If anyone leaves his home, emigrating to Allah and His Messenger, and death catches up with him, it is Allah who will reward him.” (4:110) 2646. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that his aunt, Umm Haram bint Milham said “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to sleep one day when he was near me and then woke up smiling. I said, ‘What made you smile?’ He said, ‘Some people from my community were shown to me raiding in the way of Allah, riding this green sea like kings on thrones.\'” She said, “Ask Allah to put me among them!” So he made supplication for her. Then he went to sleep a second time and did the like of it and she said the like of what she had said and he gave her a similar answer. She said, “Ask Allah to put me among them!” He said, “You are among the first.\'” She went out with her husband, ‘Ubada ibn as-Samit, on an expedition and was the first of the Muslims to embark on the sea with Mu’awiya. When they finished their expedition and were returning, they stopped in Syria. An animal was brought for her to ride and it threw her off and she died. IX: The one injured in the way of Allah 2647. It is related that Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent some seventy men from the Banu Sulaym to the Banu ‘Amir. When they arrived, my uncle said to them, ‘I will go ahead of you. If they grant me security so that I can convey the message of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, (that will be fine.) Otherwise you will be near me.’ He went forward and they gave him security. While he was conveying to them the message of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, they made a gesture to one of their men and he attacked him and stabbed him through. He said, ‘Allah is greater! By the Lord of the Ka’ba, I have won!’ Then they attacked the rest of his companions and killed them except for a lame man who climbed the mountain. (Hammam said, “I think there was another man with him.”) Jibril, peace be upon him, informed the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that they had met their Lord and He was pleased with them and they were pleased with Him. We used to recite, ‘Convey to our people that we have met our Lord and He is pleased with us and We are pleased’ until it was abrogated later. He cursed them for forty mornings – Ri’l, Dhakwan, Banu Lihyan and Banu ‘Usayya who disobeyed Allah and His Messenger.” [These were the Ansar who were sent to teach the Qur’an and call the people of Najd to Islam. This took place at Bi’r Ma’una. The cursing took place in the qunut in the Fajrprayer.] 2648. It is related from Jundub ibn Sufyan that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a certain expedition and his finger was injured and he said, “Are you anything but a finger that is injured? And what you have met is in the Cause of Allah.” X: The one who goes out in the way of Allah, the Mighty and Exalted 2649. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “By the One who has my soul in His hand, anyone who is wounded in the Way of Allah – and Allah knows best the one who is wounded in His Way – will come on the Day of Rising with his wound bleeding. It will be the colour of blood but have the scent of musk.” (Muwatta, Book 21, 29) XI: The words of Allah Almighty, “What do you await for us except for one of the two best things?” (9:52) War has its ups and downs 2650. It is related from Ibn ‘Abbas that Abu Sufyan informed him that Heraclius had said to him, “I asked you how your fight against him went, and you claimed that the war had its ups and downs and success alternated. That is how the Messengers are tested, and then they have the final victory.” XII: The words of Allah Almighty, “Among the believers there are men who have been true to the contract they made with Allah. Some of them have fulfilled their pact by death and some are still waiting to do so and have not changed in any way at all.”(33:23) 2651. It is related that Anas said, “My uncle, Anas ibn an-Nadr, missed the fighting at Badr and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, I missed the first battle in which you fought the idolaters. If Allah gives me the opportunity to fight the idolaters, Allah will see what I shall do!’ On the Day of Uhud, the Muslims were routed and he said, ‘O Allah, I apologise to You for what these people have done (i.e. his companions) and I declare myself innocent to You of what those people have done, (i.e. the idolaters).’ Then he went forward and Sa’d ibn Mu’adh met him. He said, ‘O Sa’d ibn Mu’adh! The Garden, by the Lord of the Ka’ba! I smell its fragrance from below Uhud!’ Sa’d said, ‘Messenger of Allah, I could not do what he did.\'” Anas said, “We found him with about eighty wounds, sword thrusts or spear stabs or arrows. We found that he had been killed and the idolaters had mutiliated him. No one could recognise him except for his sister by his fingertips.” Anas said, “We used to think or suppose that this ayat was sent down about him and his like, ‘Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah.\'” He said, “His sister, who was called ar-Rubayyi’, broke a girl’s tooth and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commaned retaliation. Anas said, ‘Messenger of Allah, by the One who sent you with the truth, her tooth will not be broken!’ Then the people were content with compensation and forwent retaliation, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘There are some of the slaves of Allah who, if they swear an oath, Allah will carry it out.\'” 2652. It is related that Zayd ibn Thabit said, “I copied out the papers into the pages and I missed one ayat of Surat al-Ahzab which I used to hear the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recite. I only found it with Khuzayma ibn Thabit al-Ansari whose testimony the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had made equal to the testimony of two men. It is His words, ‘Among the believers there are men who have been true to the contract they made with Allah.\'” XIII: Righteous action before fighting Abu’d-Darda’ said, “You fight according to your actions.” The words of Allah, “O you who believe! Why do you say what you do not do? It is abhorrent to Allah that you should say what you do not do. Allah loves those who fight in His Way in ranks like well-built walls.” (61:2-3) 2653. It is related that al-Bara’ said, “A man bristling with armour came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, shall I fight or become Muslim?’ He said, ‘Become Muslim and then fight.’ He became Muslim and then fought and was killed.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘His action was little but his reward is great.\'” [It was ‘Amr ibn Thabit al-Ashhali.] XIV: The one who is struck and killed by an arrow shot by an unknown person 2654. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that Umm ar-Rubayyi’ bint al-Bara’, the mother of al-Haritha ibn Suraqa, came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, “O Prophet of Allah, Will you not tell me about Haritha?” He had been killed at the Battle of Badr and had been struck by an arrow from an unknown person. “If he is in the Garden, I will be patient. If the case is other than that, I will weep my eyes out for him.” He said, “Umm Haritha, there are many gardens within the Garden, and your son has obtained the Highest Paradise.” XV: The one who fights so that the word of Allah will be uppermost 2655. It is related that Abu Musa said, “A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘One man fights for booty, and one man fights for renown, and another fights so that his position will be seen. Who is truly in the way of Allah?’ He said, ‘The one who fights so that the Word of Allah will be the uppermost is fighting in the way of Allah.\'” XVI: The one whose feet become dusty in the way of Allah The words of Allah Almighty, “It was not for people of Madina, and the desert Arabs around them, to remain behind the Messenger of Allah nor to prefer themselves to him. That is because no thirst or weariness or hunger will afflict them in the Way of Allah, nor will they take a single step to infuriate the rejectors, nor secure any gain from the enemy, without a right action being written down for them because of it. Allah does not let the wage of the good-doers go to waste.” (9:120) 2656. It is related that Abu ‘Abs, who is ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Jabr that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The Fire will not touch anyone whose feet become dusty in the way of Allah ” XVII: Wiping the dust from people in the road 2657. It is related from ‘Ikrima that Ibn ‘Abbas said to him and ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Ali, “‘Go to Abu Sa’id and listen to some of his hadith.’ We went to him and he and his brother were watering their garden. When he saw us, he sat down, wrapping his legs in his cloak. He said, ‘We were carrying one brick of the mosque at a time but ‘Ammar carried two at a time. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by him and brushed the dust from his head, saying, “Alas for ‘Ammar! An unjust party will kill him while ‘Ammar is calling them to the Garden and they are calling him to the Fire.”‘” XVIII: Having a bath after war and dust 2658. It is related from ‘A’isha that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned on the Day of Ditch and put down his weapons and washed, Jibril came to him with his head covered in dust. He said, ‘You have put down your arms. By Allah, I have not put mine down.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, ‘Where then?’ He said, ‘Here,’ and appointed towards the Banu Qurayza.” She said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to them.” XIX: The excellence of the words of Allah Almighty: “Do not suppose that those killed in the Way of Allah are dead. No indeed! They are alive and well provided for in the very presence of their Lord, delighting in the favour Allah has bestowed on them, rejoicing over those they left behind who have not yet joined them, feeling no fear and knowing no sorrow, rejoicing in blessings and favour from Allah and that Allah does not let the wage of the believers go to waste.” (2:169-171) 2659. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed those who killed the people at Bi’r Ma’una for thirty morning – against Ri’l, Dhakwan and ‘Usayya who had disobeyed Allah and His Messenger.” Anas said, “”Convey to our people that we have met our Lord and He is pleased with us and We are pleased’ was sent down about those killed at Bi’r Ma’una and then it was abrogated later.” 2660. It is related that Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “Some people drank wine in the morning of the Battle of Uhud and then were killed as martyrs.” Sufyan was asked, “Were they killed at the end of that day?” He said, “It does not say in it.” XX: The angels’ shading the martyr 2661. It is related that Jabir was heard to say, “My father was brought to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he had been mutilated. He was placed before him and He was placed before him I went to uncover his face and some people prevented me. He heard the sound of a woman crying out and was told that it was ‘Amr’s daughter or ‘Amr’s sister. He said, ‘Why is she is weeping? – or “she should not weep” – The angels are still covering him with their wings.\'” I [al-Bukhari] said to Sadaqa, “Is ‘until he is lifted up’ in it?” He said, “He may have said it.” XXI: The wish of the mujahid to be returned to this world 2662. It is related from Anas ibn Malik £ that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No one will enter the Garden and then want to return to this world, even if he had everything that is on the earth, except for a martyr who wants to return to this world and be killed ten times more because of the honour he experiences.” XXII: The Garden is under the blades of the swords Al-Mughira ibn Shu’ba said, “Our Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reported to us from the message of our Lord, ‘Whoever of us is killed will go to the Garden.” ‘Umar asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “Are not those of us killed in the Garden and those of them killed in the Fire?” He replied, “Yes indeed.” 2663. It is related from Salim Abu’n-Nadr, the client of ‘Umar ibn ‘Ubaydullah, who was his scribe, “‘Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa wrote to us that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, ‘Know that the Garden is under the shadow of the swords.” Al-Uwaysi corroborated it from Abu’z-Zinad from Musa ibn ‘Uqba. XXIII: The one who asks for a child to do jihad 2664. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Sulayman, son of Da’ud, peace be upon them both, said, ‘I will go around tonight to a hundred – or ninety-nine – wives and each of them will produce a warrior who will fight in the way of Allah.’ His companion said to him, ‘Say, “Allah willing.”‘ He did not say ‘Allah willing.’ So only one woman of them became pregnant and she produced half a man. By the One who has the soul of Muhammad in His hand, if he had said, ‘Allah willing’, they would have all been warriors striving in the way of Allah.\'” XXIV: Courage and cowardice in war 2665. It is related that Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the best of people, the bravest of people, and the most generous of people. The people of Madina were alarmed and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the first of them on a horse and he said, ‘We found it like a sea [in the speed of its gait].\'” 2666. It is related from Jubayr ibn Mut’im that while he was travelling with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with some people, returning from Hunayn, some people began to cling to him asking him until they forced him back against an acacia tree and his cloak was snatched away. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped and said, “Give me my cloak. If I had had camels as numerous as these trees, I would have divided them between you and then you will not find me to be a miser, a liar nor a coward.” XXV: Seeking refuge from cowardice 2667. It is related that ‘Amr ibn Maymun al-Azdi said, “Sa’d used to teach his sons these words as a teacher would teach boys to write. He said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to seek refuge from them after the prayer, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from cowardice and I seek refuge with You from reverting to the basest stage of life and I seek refuge with You fro the temptation of this world, and I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave.\'” 2668. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, “O Allah, I seek refuge with You from incapacity and laziness, cowardice and senility. I seek refuge with You from the trial of life and death, and I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave.” XXVI: The one who reported what he witnessed in battle Abu ‘Uthman reported it from Sa’d. 2669. It is related that as-Sa’ib ibn Yazid said, “I accompanied Talha ibn ‘Ubaydullah, Sa’d, al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad and ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Awf and I did not hear any of them relate anything from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, except that I heard Talha reporting about the Battle of Uhud.” XXVII: The obligatory nature of the call to fight and what is obligatory in jihad and intention The words of Allah, “Go out to fight, whatever your circumstances or desires, and do jihad with your wealth and yourselves in the way of Allah. That is better for you if you only knew. If it had been a case of easy gains and a short journey, they would have followed you, but the distance was too great for them. They will swear by Allah: ‘Had we been able to, we would have gone out with you.’ They are destroying their own selves. Allah knows that they are lying.” (9:41-42) And His words, “O you who believe, what is wrong with you that when you are told, ‘Go out and fight in the way of Allah,’ you sink down heavily to the earth? Are you happier with the life of this world than the Next World? Yet the enjoyment of the life of this world is tiny compared to the Next World. If you do not go out to fight, He will punish you with a painful punishment and replace you with another people. You will not harm Him in any way. Allah has power over all things.” (9:38-39) It is mentioned from Ibn ‘Abbas that “Go out to fight in separate groups” (4:71) refers to separate expeditions. The singular of thubat is thubba. 2670. It is related that Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of the Conquest, “There is no hijra after the Conquest of Makka, but there is jihad and intention. When you are called upon to fight, then go forth.” XXVIII: An unbeliever who kills a Muslim and then becomes Muslim, directs himself to good, and then is killed 2671. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah laughs about two men, one of whom kills the other and yet both of them enter the Garden. One fights in the way of Allah and is killed. Then Allah turns towards the killer, who then becomes Muslim himself and is martyred.” (Muwatta, Book 21, 28) 2672. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, “I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he was at Khaybar after they had conquered it and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, give me a share.’ One of the sons of Sa’id ibn al-‘As said, ‘Do not give him a share, Messenger of Allah.\'” Abu Hurayra said, “‘This one murdered Ibn Qawqal!’ The son of Sa’id ibn al-‘As said, ‘Wonder! A desert weasel slips down to us from Qadum Da’n, blaming me for killing a Muslim man whom Allah has honoured at my hands and who did not disgrace me at his hands.\'” He said, “I do not know whether he gave him a share or not.” Another isnad from Abu Hurayra. Abu ‘Abdullah said that as-Sa’idi (in the isnad) is ‘Amr ibn Yahya ibn Sa’id ibn ‘Amr ibn Sa’id ibn al-‘As. XXIX: The one who prefers expeditions to fasting 2673. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, “Abu Talha used to not fast in the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, because of going on expeditions. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, I did not see him not fasting except for the day of ‘Id al-Fitr and ‘Id al-Adha.” XXX: Martyrdom applies to seven categories other than those killed (fighting) 2674. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are five categories of martyr: someone killed by the plague, someone killed by an abdominal disease, someone who drowns, someone who is killed by a collapsing building and the martyr killed fighting in the way of Allah.” 2675. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The plague is martyrdom for every Muslim.” XXXI: The words of Allah Almighty: “Those believers who stay behind – other than those forced by necessity – are not the same as those who do jihad in the way of Allah, sacrificing their wealth and themselves. Allah has given those who do jihad with their wealth and themselves a higher rank than those who stay behind. Allah has promised the Best to both, but Allah has preferred those who do jihad over those who stay behind by an immense reward: high ranks conferred by Him as well as forgiveness and mercy. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (4:95-96) 2676. It is related that al-Bara’ said, “When ‘Those believers who stay behind are not the same’ was sent down, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned Zayd and he brought a shoulder-blade and wrote it down. Ibn Umm Maktum complained of his blindness and there was sent down, ‘Those believers who stay behind – other than those forced by necessity – are not the same.\'” 2677. It is related that Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi said, “I saw Marwan ibn al-Hakam sitting in the mosque and I went towards him and sat by his side. He informed us that Zayd ibn Thabit had informed him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dictated to him, ‘Those believers who stay behind are not the same as those who do jihad in the way of Allah.’ Ibn Umm Maktum came to him while he was dictating it and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, if I was able to go on jihad, I would go on jihad!’ He was a blind man. Then Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, sent down on His Messenger, and his thigh was against my thigh and it became so heavy for me that I feared my thigh would break. Then it left him and Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, had sent down, ‘other than those forced by necessity.\'” XXXII: Steadfastness in fighting 2678. It is related from Salim Abu’n-Nadr that ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa wrote, and I read it, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, “When you meet them, be steadfast.” XXXIII: Encouragement to figh The words of Allah Almighty, “Spur on the believers to fight.” (8:65) 2679. It is related that Anas said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to the Ditch when the Muhajirun and Ansar were digging on a cold morning. They did not have any servants to do that for them. When he saw their fatigue and hunger, he said, ‘O Allah, The real life is the life of the Next World, so forgive the Ansar and the Muhajirun!’ They said in reply to him: ‘We are those who have given allegiance to Muhammad to always fight in jihad as long as we live!\'” XXXIV: Digging the Ditch 2680. It is related that Anas said, “The Muhajirun and the Ansar began digging the Ditch around Madina and remove the dirt on their backs, saying: ‘We are those who have given allegiance to Muhammad to always be Muslims as long as we live!’ The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, answered them, saying, ‘O Allah, there is no good but the good of the Next World, so bless the Ansar and the Muhajirun!\'” 2681. It is related that al-Bara’ said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was carrying (earth) and saying, ‘If it had not been for You, we would not have guided.\'” 2682. It is related that al-Bara’ said, “On the Day of the Confederates [i.e.the Ditch] I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, moving earth and the dust covered the white of his belly. He was saying, ‘If it had not been for You, we would not have been guided nor given sadaqa nor fasted, so send down tranquillity on us and make our feet firm when we meet [the enemy].Those have wronged and attacked us, but we refused when they desired to tempt us.\'” XXXV: The one prevented from raiding by an excuse 2683. It is related that Anas said, “We returned from the expedition of Tabuk with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.” 2684. It is related from Anas that the Prophet,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on an expedition and said, “There are people who have stayed behind us in Madina. We have not travelled through any ravine nor valley but that they are with us. They were held back by an excuse.” Another isnad. Abu ‘Abdullah [al-Bukhari] said that the first is sounder. XXXVI: The excellence of fasting while [doing jihad] in the way of Allah 2685. It is related from Abu Sa’id that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “If someone fasts a day in the Way of Allah, Allah will put seventy years distance between his face and the Fire.” XXXVII: The excellence of spending in the way of Allah 2686. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If someone spends two things in the way of Allah, the guardians of the Garden, every guardian of a gate, call to him, ‘O so-and-so! Come!’ Abu Bakr said, ‘Messenger of Allah, that is the one who will not be destroyed!’ The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘I hope that you will be one of them.\'” 2687. It is related from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood on the minbar and said, “After me, I fear for you the blessings of the earth which will be opened to you.’ Then he mentioned the attractions of this world and began with one of them and then mentioned the second. A man stood up and asked, “Messenger of Allah, can good bring evil?” The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was silent about it. We said, “He is being given revelation,” and the people were silent as if there were birds on their heads. Then he wiped the sweat from his face and said, “Where is the one asked the question? Is good wealth? – three times – Good only brings good. It is like that which grows on the water course and nearly kills or nearly kills by bloating. The animal eats the plants until its sides are full and then it faces the sun and defecates and urinates and then grazes. This property is sweet and green. How excellent is the Muslim who takes it with its due and puts it in the way of Allah, the orphans and poor. The one who does not take wealth with its due is like the one who eats and does not become full, and it will be a witness against him on the Day of Rising.” XXXVIII: The excellence of someone who equips a fighter or cares for his dependents 2688. It is related from Zayd ibn Khalid that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who equips someone for an expedition in the way of Allah has gone on the expedition. Anyone who looks after someone’s family has gone on the expedition.” 2689. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not frequent any house in Madina besides those of his wives except the house of Umm Sulaym. He was asked about it and said, “I feel compassion for her because her brother was killed with me.” XXXIX: Using hanut* perfume in fighting 2690. It is related from Ibn ‘Awn that Musa ibn Anas mentioned the Battle of Yamana and said, “Anas went to Thabit ibn Qays and he had uncovered his thighs and was applying hanut. He said, ‘Uncle, what is keeping you from coming?’ He said, ‘I’m coming now, nephew,’ and put on the hanut and then came and sat down.” He mentioned in thehadith that the people were routed. [Thabit] said, ‘Get out from in front of us so that we can stike the people! This is not like what we used to do with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace! What bad habits you have picked from your fellows!” Hammad related it from Thabit from Anas. [Hanut is a compound scent usually used for the dead.] XL: The excellence of scouts 2691. It is related that Jabir said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Who will bring me news of the people?’ on the Day of the Confederates. Az-Zubayr answered, ‘I will!’ Then he asked, ‘Who will bring me news of the people*?’ Az-Zubayr answered, ‘I will!’ The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Every Prophet has disciples. My disciple is az-Zubayr.\'” [* Meaning the Banu Qurayza.] XLI: Is a scout sent alone? 2692. It is related that Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked for someone from the people (and Sadaqa said, “I think that it was the Day of the Ditch.”) and az-Zubayr volunteered. Then he called the people and az-Zubayr volunteered. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Every Prophet has disciples. My disciple is az-Zubayr.\'” XLII: Two travelling together 2693. It is related that Malik ibn al-Huwayrith said, “I left the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said to us, I and my companion “You two give theadhan and the iqama, and the oldest of you should be the imam.” XLIII: Good will remain tied to the forelocks of horses until the Day of Rising 2694. It is related from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Good will remain in the forelocks of horses until the Day of Rising.” 2695. It is related from ‘Urwa ibn al-Ja’d that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Good will remain tied to the forelocks of horses until the Day of Rising.” Another isnad. It is corroborated by Musaddad. 2696. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Blessing lies in the forelocks of horses.” XLIV: Jihad is carried out with both the pious and the deviant by the words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “Good will remain tied to the forelocks of horses until the Day of Rising.” 2697. It is related from ‘Urwa al-Bariqi that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Good will remain tied to the forelocks of horses until the Day of Rising: both the reward and booty.” XLV: The one who keeps a horse by the words of Allah Almighty, “and cavalry.” (8:60) 2698. It is related from Abu Hurayra who said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone keeps a horse in the way of Allah out of belief in Allah and in confirmation of His promise, its food, water, droppings and urine will be placed in his balance on the Day of Rising.” XLVI: The name of a horse and donkey 2699. ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Qatada related from his father that he went out with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Abu Qatada was left behind with some of his companions. They were in ihram but he was not. They saw a wild ass before he saw. When they saw it, they left it until Abu Qatada saw it. He mounted a horse of his called al-Jarada and asked them to hand him his whip but they refused. So he took it and attacked it and slaughtered it. Then he ate and they ate as well, They went forward and when they reached him (the Prophet), he said, “Do you have any of it with you?” He said, “We have its leg.” The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took it and ate it. 2700. It is related that Sahl said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a horse in our garden called al-Luhayf.” Abu ‘Abdullah said, “One of them said, “al-Lukhayf”. 2701. It is related that Mu’adh said, “I was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on a donkey called ‘Ufayr. He said, ‘Mu’adh, do you know what is Allah’s right on His slaves and the right of the slaves on Allah?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘Allah’s right on His slaves is that they should worship Him and not associate anything with Him. The slaves’ right on Allah is that He will not punish anyone who does not associate anything with Him.’ I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, shall I tell the people that so that they can rejoice?’ He said, ‘Do not give them the good news, for then they will rely on it.\'” 2702. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, “There was an alarm in Madina and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, borrowed a horse of ours called Mandub. He said, ‘We did not see any cause for alarm. We found it like the sea.\'” XLVII: What is mentioned about bad luck in horses 2703. It is related that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘There is bad luck in three: horses, women and houses.\'” 2704. It is related from Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If it exists in anything, (there can be bad luck) in women, horses, and dwellings.” XLVIII: Horses are for three purposes The words of Allah Almighty, “And horses, mules and donkeys both to ride and for adornment. And He creates other things you do not know.” (16:8) 2705. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Horses are for three purposes. They are a reward for one man, and a shelter for another man and a burden for another man. As for the one who has a reward, that is the man who ties them in the Way of Allah and gives them a long tether in pasture or meadow. He will have good deeds for whatever it gets from the pasture or the meadow for the extent of its tether. If it breaks its tether and crosses a hill or two, then he has good deeds for its tracks and dung. If it crosses a river and drinks from it, that will be good deeds for him even if he did not intend to give it water. There is a man who ties them up out of boasting and showing-off and enmity towards the people of Islam. It is a burden for that man.” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about donkeys and said, “Nothing has been revealed to me about them except this general single verse, ‘Whoever has done an atom’s weight of good will see it and whoever has done an atom’s weight of evil will see it.\'” (99:7-8) (Muwatta, Book 21, 3) XLIX: The one who strikes someone else’s animal in an expedition 2706. It is related that Abu’l-Mutawakkil an-Naji said, “I went to Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah al-Ansari and said to him, “Relate to me what you heard from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.’ He said, ‘I travelled with him on one of his journeys. (Abu ‘Aqil said, “I do not know whether it was an expedition or ‘umra.”) When we were coming back, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Whoever wants to hurry to his family, should hurry.”‘ Jabir said, ‘We advanced and I was on a dun camel of mine with no blemish. The people were behind me and while I was like that, it stopped cold with me. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, “Jabir, stay put.” He struck it a blow with his whip and the camel leapt from its place. He said, “Will you sell the camel?” I replied, “Yes.” When we reached Madina and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the mosque with the groups of his Companions, I went to him and hobbled the camel in a corner of the courtyard. I said to him, “This is your camel.” He went out and began to explain the camel, saying, ‘The camel is ours.’ The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent some awqiyyas of gold and said, “Give it to Jabir.” Then he said, “Have you received the price in full?” I said, “Yes.” He said, “Both the price and the camel are yours.”‘” L: Riding on headstrong animals and stallions Rashid ibn Sa’d said, “The Salaf used to prefer stallions because they were faster and bolder.” 2707. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, “There was an alarm in Madina and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, borrowed a horse belonging to Abu Talha called Mandub and rode it. He said, ‘We did not see any cause for alarm. We found the horse like the sea.\'” LI: The share given to the horse Malik said, “The horse is given a share, and non-Arab horses are included because of His words, And horses, mules and donkeys both to ride.’ (16:8) There is no share for more than one horse. 2708. It is related from Ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave the horse two shares and his owner one share. (Muwatta, Book 21, 21) LII: The one who leads someone else’s animal in battle 2709. It is related that a man asked al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib, “Did you flee from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the Battle of Hunayn?” He said, “But the Messenger of Allah did not flee. Hawazin are a people who are archers. When we met them, we attacked them and they were routed. The Muslims went forward for the booty and they confronted us with arrows. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not flee. I saw him on his while mule and Abu Sufyan had hold of its rein and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,was saying, ‘I am the Prophet and it is no lie. I am the son of ‘Abdu’l-Muttalib.\'” LIII: The saddle and stirrup of the camel 2710. It is related from Ibn ‘Umar £ from the Prophet* that when he put his foot in the stirrup and the she-camel stood up with him, he would start saying the talbiya at the Mosque of Dhu’l-Hulayfa. LIV: Ridding an unsaddled horse 2711. It is related from Anas, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came forward to us on a barebacked horse without a saddle, with a sword on his shoulder.” LV: A slow horse 2712. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that once they people of Madina were alarmed. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mounted a horse belonging to Abu Talha which was slow, or had some slowness in it. When he returned he said, “We found this horse of yours like a sea.” After that it could not be rivalled (in pace). LVI: Racing horses 2713. It is related from Ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, organised a race between trained horses which was to go from al-Hafya’ to Thaniyatu’l-Wada’, and a race between untrained horses from ath-Thaniya to the Mosque of the Banu Zurayq. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “I was one of those who took part in the race.” It is related that Sufyan said that the distance from al-Hafya’ to Thaniyatu’l-Wada’ is five or six miles, and between ath-Thaniya and the Mosque of the Banu Zurayq is one mile. LVII: Training horses for races 2714. It is related from ‘Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a race between untrained horses from ath-Thaniya to the Mosque of the Banu Zurayq, and that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar was one of those who raced in it. Abu ‘Abdullah said, “‘Amad’ means end, as in “for whom the time (amad) seemed over long “. (57:16) LVIII: The end of the race for trained horses 2715. It is related that Ibn ‘Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, organised a race between trained horses which started at al-Hafya’ and ended at Thaniyatu’l-Wada’, I [Abu Ishaq] asked Musa, “How far was that?” He said, “Six or seven miles.” He had a race between untrained horses, which started at ath-Thaniya and ended at Mosque of the Banu Zurayq. I asked Musa, “How far was that?” He replied, “About a mile or so.” ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar was one of those who took part in the race. LIX: The she-camel of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had Usama ride behind him on al-Qaswa.” Al-Miswar said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Al-Qaswa is not headstrong.” 2716. It is related that Anas said, “The she-camel of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was called al-‘Adba’.” 2717. It is related that Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a she-camel called al-‘Adba’ which could not be beaten in a race (Humayd said, “Or could hardly be beaten.”) A bedouin came on a youngish camel and beat it. That was difficult for the Muslims and, recognising that, he said, ‘It is a right of Allah that nothing elevates itself in this world, without Him then bringing it low.” Another isnad from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. LX: The white mule of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace Anas mentioned it. Abu Humayd said, “The King of Ayla gave the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a white mule.” 2718. It is related that ‘Amr ibn al-Harith said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, only left a white mule, his weapons, and some land which he left assadaqa.” 2719. It is related that a man said to al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib, “Abu ‘Umara! Did you turn in flight on the Day of Hunayn?” He said, “No, by Allah, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not turn in flight, but the hasty people turned in flight and Hawazin met them with arrows. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on his while mule and Abu Sufyan had hold of its rein and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was saying, ‘I am the Prophet and it is no lie. I am the son of ‘Abdu’l-Muttalib.\'” LXI: The jihad of women 2720. It is related that ‘A’isha, Umm al-Mu’minin, said, “I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to do jihad and he said, ‘Your jihad is hajj.\'” Another isnad of this from Mu’awiya. 2721. It is related that ‘A’isha, Umm al-Mu’minin, said, “I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about women and jihad and he said, ‘The best jihad is hajj.\'” LXII: A woman going on a naval expedition 2722. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited the daughter of Milhan and lay down there and then smiled. She said, ‘What made you smile, Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘Some people from my community who were riding the green sea in the way of Allah. They are like kings on thrones.’ She said, ‘Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to put me among them!’ He said, ‘O Allah, put her among them!’ ‘Then he did it again and smiled. She said the like to him or part of that and he said the like of that to her. She said, ‘Ask Allah to put me among them.’ He said, ‘You are among the first and are not among the last.\'” Anas said, “She married ‘Ubada ibn as-Samit and embarked on the sea with the daughter of Qaraza*. When she returned, she mounted her animal and it threw her and she fell from it and died.” [* Whose name was Fakhita or Kunud, the wife of Mu’awiya] LXIII: A man taking one of his wives on an expedition rather than his other wives 2723. It is related that ‘A’isha said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to go out, he would draw lots between his wives, and the Prophet* would take with him whoever had her lot come out. He drew lots between us on an expedition pn which he went and my lot came out and I went out with the Prophet* after the veil had been revealed.” LXIV: Women going on expeditions and fighting along with the men 2724. It is related that Anas said, “On the day of Uhud, the people retreated from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.” He said, “I saw ‘A’isha bint Abi Bakr and Umm Sulaym with their skirts rolled up so that I could see their anklets, hurrying with waterskins. (Another said, “Carrying the waterskins on their backs.”) Then they would pour the water in the mouths of the the people and then go back to fill them up and then come back and pour it in the mouths of the people.” LXV: Women carrying waterskins to the people in the expedition 2725. It is related from Tha’laba ibn Abi Malik that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab divided up some garments among some of the women of Madina. One excellent garment remained and one of those with him said, “Amir al-Mu’minin! Give this to the (grand)daughter of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to whom you are married (meaning Umm Kultum bint ‘Ali).” ‘Umar said, “Umm Salit is more entitled.” Umm Salit was one of the people of the Ansar who had given allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. ‘Umar said, “She carried waterskins for us on the Day of Uhud.” Abu ‘Abdullah said that tazfiru usually means “to stitch”. LXVI: Women treating those wounded in an expedition 2726. It is related that ar-Rubayyi’ bint Mu’awwidh said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, getting water and treating the wounded and we would take those killed back to Madina.” LXVII: Women taking back the wounded and dead 2727. It is related that ar-Rubayyi’ bint Mu’awwidh said, “We used to go on expeditions with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and would get water for the people and serve them we would take the wounded and those killed back to Madina.” LXVIII: Removing arrows from the body 2728. It is related that Abu Musa said, “Abu ‘Amir was shot in his knee. I got to him and he said, ‘Pull this arrow out.’ I pulled it out and water gushed from it. I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him and he said, ‘O Allah, forgive ‘Ubayd Abu ‘Amir.” LXIX: Guarding in the way of Allah 2729. It is related that ‘A’isha said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sleepness. When he reached Madina, he said, ‘Would that a righteous man of my Companions would guard me tonight!’ Then we heard the sound of weapons. He said, ‘Who is this?’ He said, ‘I am Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas. I have come to guard you.’ So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slept.” 2730. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “May the slave of the dinar and the dirham, the qatifa (outer garment) and khamisa (wrap) perish! If he is given them he is pleased, and if he is not given them he is not pleased.” Isra’il does not have it marfu’ from Abu Husayn. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “May the slave of the dinar, the slave of the dirham and the slave of thekhamisa perish! If that is given to him, he is pleased. If that is not given to him, he is displeased. Let him be utterly ruined and be overturned! If he is pierced by a thorn, let it not be moved! Blessed is a slave who takes the reins of his horse in the way of Allah, head dishevelled and feet covered in dust. If he is put in the vanguard, he is pleased to be in the vanguard. If he is put in the rear, he is pleased to be in the rear. If he asks for permission, he is not given permission. If he intercedes, his intercession is not accepted*.” [* Because of his apparent lack of importance and wealth.] Abu ‘Abdullah said that Isra’il and Muhammad ibn Juhada do not have it marfu’ from Abu Husayn. Ta’s (47:8) is as if he were saying, “May Allah destroy them.” Tuba (blessed) is the feminine form of everything good (tayyib). In it the ya’ which is transformed into a waw. It is that which is good. LXX: The excellence of service in an expedition 2731. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, “I accompanied Jarir ibn ‘Abdullah al-Bajali and he used to serve me,” although he was older than Anas. Jarir said, “I saw the Ansar do something, and I promised myself that whenever I found any of them I would honour him.” 2732. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, “I went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to Khaybar to serve him. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came back and Uhud loomed before him, he said, ‘This is a mountain that loves us and we love it.’ Then he pointed with his hand towards Madina and said, ‘O Allah, I make inviolable what is between its two lava beds as Ibrahim made Makka inviolable. O Allah, bless us in our sa’ and mudd.\'” 2733. It is related that Anas said, “We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the only shade we could find was to shade oneself with his garment. Those who were fasting did not do anything. Those who were not fasting cared for the camels and served the fasters and treated them. The Prophet*, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Those who were not fasting have taken the reward today.\'” LXXI: The excellence of the one who carries his companion’s baggage on a journey 2734. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Sadaqa is owed by every joint every day. To help a man with his animal and help him onto it is sadaqa. Or to lift his goods onto it is sadaqa. A good word is sadaqa. Every step you take

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