Muslim attackers vandalize Church and Christian colony Shad Bagh in Lahore city


Lahore: July 30, 2013. (PCP) Muslim mob equipped with lethal arms attacked Christian Colony Shad Bagh in metropolitan area of Lahore on July 28, 2013, vandalizing a Catholic Church and homes of Christian injuring one Christian with bullet wound in broad day light, reports CLAAS, a non-governmental organization. shad bagh

According to CLAAS report issued here today, says “On Sunday July 28, 2013 at about 4:00 pm, a local resident Martian Javed Michel (Social Activists) informed CLAAS about the overwrought situation of Christians and Muslims in Shad Bagh Amir Road near Joseph Colony Lahore. It was also informed that infuriated mob of Muslims attacked on the houses of the local Christians and one Catholic Church with deadly weapons. CLAAS team including Mr. Sohail Habel (Finance Manager) Mr. Asher Sarfraz (Field Officer) and Saleem Gabriel, Samuel Paraya rushed to the occurrence place to help the Christians and find out the real facts”

The Christian residents told CLAAS team that a Muslim Television Cable Operator named Faisal Butt who has a criminal background and has a worse attitude towards Christians. He used to take some extra fee charges of TV cable connection from Christians. About a month ago Faisal Butt and his companions had a dispute with a Christian woman/widow and beat up the woman and her children on the demand of extra fee of cable. Faisal Butt was using the place of Babu Younis (a Christian) for railing the boasters of cable connection in this area for last many years and he has about 3 helpers in his work.

On July 28, 2013 at 2:00 pm one of his helpers named Asad was collecting the cable fee in the Christian Colony Shad Bagh. He also came to Babu Younis house and asked for the fee. He informed Asad that they are using his house to fix the Cable Boaster to supply the connection, so why they pay the money. Asad forced to Babu Younis to pay the money as cable fee, then Babu said that it should be a free cable connection for him otherwise they will remove this boaster from his house. Asad became furious and started to beat him. Neighbor Christians gathered there to help and saved Babu Younis and the matter was resolved.

After one an hour Faisal Butt came along with a group of 30-35 persons armed with deadly weapons to Christian Colony Shad Bhag. They began to open fires in the air and also started throwing stones and bricks on the Christians houses. They also attacked on the Catholic Church and break the glasses of the church windows. They were calling the names of Christians loudly and using a slang language for them.

Riaz Masih s/o Babu Younis received a fire on his leg and get severely injured. Vejay Masih s/o Niamat Masih who was already a patient of cancer, he got injury by stroking butt of pistol in his forehead. There were few others who got injuries. They fired on Christian houses for one hour and later they left the place with the severe threats to Christians to burn their houses same like Joseph Colony if they take legal action against them.

Local residents shared with CLAAS team that Chaudhry Shahbaz MPA (Member of Provincial Assembly) Muslim League -N ruling party in Pakistan in supporting Faisal Butt in his criminal activities. Team went with Babu Younis to the concerned police station Shad Bagh Lahore to lodge a legal case FIR (First Information Report) against the Faisal Butt and his companions for this violent attack. On the same day Police arrested the main accused Faisal Butt while others were absconded.

Please pray for the injured Christians that May the Lord our God cure the wounds of innocent victims of this violent attack. The above said information is based on the preliminary facts of the incident and the CLAAS will share its full and detailed report soon.

10 thoughts on “Muslim attackers vandalize Church and Christian colony Shad Bagh in Lahore city

  1. Laila Rasheed! I have already requested you to not waste time in writing such lengthy posts. Give logic in 4,5 lines that’s it.

  2. Yes, some hums and more huhs below: The dumbest will believe in this crap and try to make it look real….zombies!!!
    why couldn’t a Hindu god Indra, use the deadliest poisonous gases like Sarin, Mercury, VX , etc., or “make up” some other deadly gas to kill the two demons viz “Namuchi, the demon of darkness, removing light from earth and another demon named Vritra removing moisture from earth and thus making earth dry”?
    “Indra, a god, tried to subdue the demons but he failed in all his attempts as the demons had got the boon that they can only be killed by weapon that which is neither solid nor liquid”.
    “Indra then approached Vishnu for a solution. Vishnu then collected foam from the milky oceans and made from it Vajra – a weapon that send out thunderbolts”.
    http://www.hindu-blog.com/2011/01/how-indra-got-his-weapon-thunderbolt-or.html

    Q 1:Why didn’t Indra use a poisonous gas when he could have easily made a weapon producing that?

    Q 2: How come the demons were more powerful than Indra?

    Q 3. How is it possible that god Indra didn’t know the potentiality of the demons and he kept repeatedly fighting thus wasting my time reading that fable????

    Q 4: How was Namuchi removing the Sunlight from the Earth, keeping all the scientists in the world perplexed and flabberghasted seeing over a billion hindus believing in that as The truth?? ? Explain that scientifically and you get full marks.

    Q. 5: Explain in detail how Vritra removed moisture from earth and thus making earth dry??

    Q 6: Did Indra have less common sense that he had to consult Vishnu? So two gods encompassed into one…really two horns on a bull!!.

    Q 7. How does one make a weapon out of a foam of unknown ocean??

    Q 8: Can a Thunder-Bolt come out of a Vajra??

    Q 9: Why doesn’t the Indian army make use of Vajras similar to the one given as a gift to Indra God by Vishnu????

    Q 10. And why did this story capture the hearts of Indians that they make by their own hands to depict Indra and worship him??

    Indra had no brain of his own!! “Sage Brihaspati then teaches Indra the virtues of both spiritual life and worldly life – he asks him to maintain a balance”.

    And a final parting question: What is this.religion where….even a dude teaching god Indra how to maintain balance in life???
    http://www.hindu-blog.com/2010/03/how-hindu-god-indra-lost-his-pride.html

    Surely Islam is better, so read the Quran positively.

    Plum

  3. YO QEER,

    HERE’S A GREAT FAIRY TALE FOR YOU!

    ROCKET MAN & HIS FLYING MACHINE

    Sahih Bukhari 5:58:227 “…Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me.” … “The animal’s step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal’s sight. …”

    AIR MECCA

    COME FLY WITH US TO THE MOON & BACK, THE SAME DAY, ON OUR 1 HORSE-POWERED BURAQ, THE GREATEST FLYING MACHINE IN THE WORLD.

    WE MAKE NASA LOOK LIKE THE FLINTSTONES!
    Yabba-Dabba-Doo & AWAY SHE FLEW

    Al-Burāq (Arabic: البُراق‎ al-Burāq “lightning”) is a mythological steed, described as a creature from the heavens which transported the prophets. The most commonly told story is how in the 7th century, Al-Buraq carried the Islamic prophet Muhammad fromMecca to Jerusalem and back during the Isra and Mi’raj or “Night Journey”, which is the title of one of the chapters (sura), Al-Isra, of the Quran.

    THE JOURNEY TO 7TH HEAVEN
    The Night Journey took place 12 years after Mohammad became a prophet, during the 7th century

    MOHAMMED WITH UNLIMITED BURAQ HORSEPOWER

    It’s called a buraq, and the myth comes from the hadith, a supplement to the Koran.
    Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 58, Hadith Number 227

    “I was brought by the Buraq, Which is an animal white and long, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule, who would place its hoof at a distance equal to the range of vision.”

    OPEN HEART SURGERY, 1400 YEARS AGO
    The angel cut open Muhammad’s chest, took out his heart, and purified it with the holy water of the nearby Zam-zam well. The angel then restored the heart to Muhammad’s chest, leaving no wound. After this, the Buraq arrived. Muhammad mounted the beast, and in the company of Gabriel, they traveled to the “farthest mosque”. The location of this mosque was not explicitly stated, but is generally accepted to mean Jerusalem.

    At this location, Muhammad dismounted from the Buraq, prayed, and then once again mounted the Buraq and was taken to the various heavens, to meet Allah. Muhammad was instructed to tell his followers how many times per day that they were to offer prayers. The Buraq then transported Muhammad back to Mecca.
    Volume 5, Book 58, Number 227:
    Narrated Abbas bin Malik:
    Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah’s Apostle described to them his Night Journey saying, “While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here.” I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, “What does he mean?” He said, “It means from his throat to his pubic area,” or said, “From the top of the chest.” The Prophet further said, “He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me.” (On this Al-Jarud asked, “Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?” I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet said, “The animal’s step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal’s sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven.
    When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has Muhammad been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me). ‘This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel answered, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened.
    When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and ‘Isa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), ‘These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.’ So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!’ The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed, what an excel lent visit his is!’
    The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is Idris; pay him your greetings.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked. ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is! So when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e. Aaron), Gabriel said, (to me). This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.’ I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked. ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’
    When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me),’ This is Moses; pay him your greeting. So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.’ When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked him, ‘What makes you weep?’ Moses said, ‘I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.’ Then Gabriel ascended with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked,’ Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel replied, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!’
    So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), ‘This is your father; pay your greetings to him.’ So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, ‘You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.’ Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, ‘This is the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) . Behold ! There ran four rivers, two were hidden and two were visible, I asked, ‘What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?’ He replied,’ As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.’
    Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, ‘This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.’ Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), ‘What have you been ordered to do?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.’ Moses said, ‘Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers’ burden.’ So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day.
    When I came back to Moses, he said, ‘What have you been ordered?’ I replied, ‘I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.’ He said, ‘Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your follower’s burden.’ I said, ‘I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah’s Order.’ When I left, I heard a voice saying, ‘I have passed My Order and have lessened the burden of My Worshipers.”
    BUKHARI
    Volume 5, Book 58, Number 228:
    Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
    Regarding the Statement of Allah”
    “And We granted the vision (Ascension to the heavens) which We made you see (as an actual eye witness) was only made as a trial for the people.” (17.60)
    Ibn Abbas added: The sights which Allah’s Apostle was shown on the Night Journey when he was taken to Bait-ulMaqdis (i.e. Jerusalem) were actual sights, (not dreams). And the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Quran is the tree of Zaqqum (itself) .
    You have to feel for people in countries that don’t have a good infrastructure. No bus routes or train lines, no underground subway. I sometimes think back to when I had to cycle eight miles a day to get to and from work. I am so grateful that I now have a car.
    Back in the 7th Century, travel was much more of an issue, but thankfully there was one special way to get about in no time at all. This form of travel didn’t have alloy wheels and carbon brakes, a large exhaust pipe and a turbocharger engine. Nor did it have a v12 engine with 2000hp. This was a completely different kind of horsepower.
    It was a flying horse.
    That’s right. A horse that could fly. It’s a popular story for Muslims. They tell the tale of how 12 years after becoming a prophet, Muhammad had a lot of travelling to do. He had been in his home city, Mecca, visiting his cousin when Buraq appeared (with an angel). Muhammad saddled up and flew on it to Jerusalem, which is about 766 miles. He got down, said a prayer and then they were off again, apparently to visit the various heavens.
    Now that’s fast. 766 miles in one night, on a horse. Then back.
    Buraq also appeared to Abraham who made regular use of such a magnificent beast. He lived in Syria with one of his wives but would often travel via super-horse to Mecca in order to visit his other wife, Hagar, and his son Ishmael. After a nice meal and a catch up, Buraq would take him back in the evening.
    Muhammad, by the way, was apparently instructed at this time that people should pray 50 times a day to God. No wonder! With travel being so convenient, you’d have time to pray 50 times a day!
    Muhammad’s claims to Jerusalem is a Myth
    Strange as it may seem, there are many myths that continue to be perpetuated today as fact when they are clearly myths. As there are people who consider what I have posted unsuitable for adult reading I will attempt once more from a different slant. Muslims claim rights to Jerusalem because they claim that Muhammad set foot in Jerusalem, but this could not have happened because:
    “Where does Islam’s claim to Jerusalem come from? Where did it all start?

    “Muhammad’s ‘night’-journey (isra) to ‘the farthest mosque’ (al-masjid al-aqsa)”
    [The Isra and Mi’raj (Arabic: الإسراء والمعراج‎, transl. al-ʾIsrāʾ wa l-Miʿrāğ), are the two parts of a Night Journey that, according to Islamic tradition, the Islamic prophet Muhammad took during a single night around the year 621. It has been described as both a physical and spiritual journey.

    The Isra begins with Muhammad praying in the Kaaba in Mecca, when the archangel Jibral (Gabriel) comes to him, and brings him the steed Buraq, the traditional “heavenly steed” of the prophets. Buraq carries Muhammad to the Masjid Al Aqsa the “Farthest Mosque”, which Muslims believe is “the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem.”

    ( If you can believe that a flying horse could transport a man from Mecca to Jerusalem and back in one night then anything is possible. This mosque did not exist before Muhammad’s death. The distance between Mecca and Jerusalem is 755.1 miles. To complete this feat in one night would have meant that Buraq must have been jet propelled in the 7th Century. Hence it’s a myth.)

    Muhammad alights, tethers Buraq to the Western Wall and leads other prophets including Adem (Adam), Musa (Moses), and `Īsā (Jesus) in prayer. In the second part of the journey, the Mi’raj (an Arabic word that literally means “ladder”), Buraq takes him to the heavens, where he tours the circles of heaven, and speaks with the earlier prophets such as Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. He is then taken by the angel Jibril to meet God.

    This interpretation was advanced even by the earliest biographer of Muhammad—Ibn Ishaq—and is supported by numerous aḥādīth. The term used for mosque, “masjid”, literally means “place of prostration”, and includes monotheistic places of worship but does not exclusively lend itself to physical structures but a location, as the prophet Muhammad stated ‘the earth has been made a masjid for me and my followers…’ (bukhari volume 1, Book 7, Number 331).

    When Caliph Umar conquered Jerusalem after Muhammad’s death, a prayer house was built on the site. The structure was expanded by the Ummayad caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan and finished by his son al-Walid in 705 CE. The building was repeatedly destroyed by earthquakes and rebuilt, until the reconstruction in 1033 by the Fatimid caliph Ali az-Zahir, and that version of the structure is what can be seen in the present day.

    Many Western historians, such as Heribert Busse and Neal Robinson, agree that Jerusalem is the originally intended interpretation of the Qu’ran. Muslims used to pray towards Jerusalem, but Muhammad changed this direction, the Qibla, to instead direct Muslims to face towards the Kaaba in Mecca on the basis of having received divine intervention.]

    Jerusalem is never mentioned by name in the Qur’an, being mentioned 823 times in the Bible, and Zion (which usually means Jerusalem, and sometimes ‘the Land of Israel’), appears 161 times.
    Of the 823 mentions of Jerusalem by name in the Bible, 669 of them are in the Old Testament, and 154 times in the New Testament.

    The Qur’an refers to Muhammad’s “night journey” (isra) as follows:-
    “Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest mosque……………………(Subhana allathee asra biAAbdihi laylan mina almasjidi alharami ila almasjidi al-aqsa allathee barakna hawlahu linuriyahu min ayatina innahu huwa alssameeAAalbaseeruu)
    Surah 17:001

    When this Surah was revealed ~621 AD, the Sacred Mosque already existed in Mecca, but where was “the farthest mosque?” It was apparently identified with places inside Arabia; either Medina, or a town called Ji’rana, about ten miles from Mecca, which Muhammad visited in 630 AD.
    Palestine had not yet been conquered by Muslim armies, and contained not a single mosque. “

    Obviously, those who believe in Muhammad’s claim to have traveled to Jerusalem either in body or in spirit rely on blind faith rather than common sense. Even if he had never traveled there before, it is highly unlikely that he could not have heard descriptions of the city from others who had, particularly since he was known to seek out story tellers on his business trips.

    There is simply no compelling reason to believe that Muhammad’s dream was anything other than that.

    • Hi, that is what I call the bulls of Bukhari and his cronies who faked Hadiths, by imposing and endorsing imaginary and hallucinations of Hindu beliefs as they were not even Arabs but Vedics of that time, so quote from the Quran!!

      When the texts of a certain religion are old does that make that religion to be the ultimate Truth?? Archaic texts and parchments are only good for history and research, right??

      Regards

      Plum

      • YO DUMB PLUM, IT IS CLEAR FROM THIS MUSLIM BLOG, THAT YOU ARE NOT A MUSLIM! YOU ARE AN APOSTATE & CAN BE KILLED BY MUSLIM OR KAFFIR & NOTHING WILL BE DONE ABOUT IT! PLUM IS A DEAD MAN WALKING! TurnToIslam Question regarding the hadith I have a question about the Hadiths. In the Quran, Allah says, this (the Quran) is the ONLY hadith and that this is the only Book you shall follow. So then what about the Hadiths? They were created 200 years after the Prophet (pbuh) so I was wondering how much of the Hadiths we can trust and whether it is against the Quran to follow the Hadith like we do the Quran. Because some of the hadiths seem to contradict the Quran, for instance, Allah says there’s no compulsion in religion in the Quran but then the Hadith it says to kill anyone who turns away from Islam. Although I would be very disgusted if anyone turned away from Islam, I would think that is between the person and Allah, and whatever Allah decided for the person on judgment day, for what can we do but try and teach that person through using the Quran and helping them understand it, as the Quran does say there’s no compulsion on religion. Please dont be angered by my question, its just that I have been very lost abut this, and if anyone can show me the way because I am very confused? Thank you! May Allah bless you!:tti_sister: • :salam2: This question has been asked before on the forum… although I am not sure how a person would go about searching for it… but here is some enlightening information that I hope helps… Those that reject Hadith are called Quranists and they are the very misguided folk because as you see, you have been TOLD in the Quran to follow the Sunnah, there are numerous Hadith to this effect. Summary of Hadith Rejecters’ Claims 1. A) We, Quranists, do not make a distinction between obeying Allah and obeying His Messenger, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Anyone who obeys the Qur’an has no other option but to obey the Messenger, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, too. Had we been living with him, we would have no hesitation in blindly following his orders. We do make a distinction but that is between Allah and Hadith collectors like Bukhari, Muslim, Nassai, Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud. We accept Allah’s Word that He has protected the Quran from corruption, but why should we accept the words of these hadith collectors? Are they as infallible as Allah? 1. B) Qur’an is sufficient and does not need any further explanation. 2. Hadith is the same as the gospels of Christianity. Indeed the time span between death of Messenger Muhammad, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and the compilation of Sahihs was almost the same as that between the departure of Jesus, Alayhis salam, and compilation of the Bible. How can Muslims reject one but accept the other? 3. Dr. Maurice Bucaille finds that Saheeh is as unscientific as the Bible. 4. The Messenger, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, may have elaborated on items like mode of salah. Such hadith is probably from the Messenger, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and should be obeyed. But what about the hadith that contradict the Qur’an. 5. The root cause of Muslim decay is their reverence for the hadith. 6. Allah has protected only the Qur’an — not Islam — from corruption. 7. Allah expects from His slaves exclusive servitude. When Sunnis talk of Quran and Sunnah, the Qur’an is undermined for its exclusivity is lost. ——————————————————————————– “If anyone disobeys Allah and His Messenger he is indeed on a clearly wrong path.” [Al-Ahzab, 33:36] “He that obeys Allah and His Messenger has already attained the great victory.” [Al-Ahzab, 33:71]. For the past fourteen centuries Qur’an and Sunnah have been the twin undisputed sources of Guidance for Muslims. In every generation, the Muslims devoted the best of their minds and talents to their study. They learned both the words and meanings of the Qur’an through the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and made an unprecedented effort in preserving them for the next generation. The result: The development of the marvelous — and unparalleled — science of hadith, one of the brightest aspects of Muslim history. What does it mean to believe in a Prophet except to pledge to follow him? And so the teachings of the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, have always guided this Ummah. No body, in his right mind, could or did question this practice. Then something happened. During the colonial period, when most of the Muslim world came under the subjugation of the West, some “scholars” arose in places like Egypt (Taha Hussein), India (Abdullah Chakralawi and Ghulam Ahmed Pervaiz), and Turkey (Zia Gogelup), who began questioning the authenticity and relevance of hadith. It was not that some genius had found flaws in the hadith study that had eluded the entire ummah for thirteen centuries. It was simply that the pressures from the dominant Western civilization to conform were too strong for them to withstand. They buckled. Prophetic teachings and life example — Hadith — was the obstacle in this process and so it became the target. Another factor helped them. Today most Muslims, including the vast majority of the western-educated Muslims, have meager knowledge of hadith, having spent no time in studying even the fundamentals of this vast subject. How many know the difference between Sahih and Hasan, or between Maudau and Dhaif? The certification process used in hadith transmission? Names of any hadith book produced in the first century of Hijrah, or the number of such books? A majority probably would not be able to name even the six principal hadith books (Sihah Sitta) or know anything about the history of their compilation. Obviously such atmosphere provides a fertile ground for sowing suspicions and doubts. They call themselves as ahle-Qur’an or Quranists. This is misleading. For their distinction is not in affirming the Qur’an, but in rejecting the Hadith. The ideas of munkareen-e-hadith evolve into three mutually contradictory strains. The first holds that the job of the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, was only to deliver the Qur’an. We are to follow only the Qur’an and nothing else, as were the Companions. Further, hadith is not needed to understand the Qur’an, which is sufficient for providing guidance. The second group holds that the Companions were required to follow the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, but we are not. The third holds that, in theory, we also have to follow the hadith but we did not receive ahadith through authentic sources and therefore we have to reject all ahadith collections! Internal contradictions are a hallmark of false ideologies. How can anyone hold the first position yet profess belief in Qur’an while it says: “And We have sent down unto You the Message so that you may explain clearly to men what is sent for them.” [An-Nahal, 16:44]. And this: “Allah did confer a great favor on the Believers when He sent among them a Messenger from among themselves, rehearsing unto them the Signs (Verses) of Allah, purifying them, instructing them in Scripture, and teaching them Wisdom. While before that they were in manifest error.” [A’ale Imran 3:164]. How can anyone hold the second position (limiting the Prophethood to 23 years) yet profess belief in Qur’an, while it says: “We did not send you except as Mercy for all creatures.” [Al-Anbia, 21:107] And, “We have not sent you except as a Messenger to all mankind, giving them glad tidings and warning them against sin.” [Saba, 34:28] The third position seems to have avoided these obvious pitfalls, yet in reality it is no different. Consider statements 1, 4, and 7 in the summary of hadith rejecters’ claims. So hadith undermines Qur’an’s exclusivity, yet would have been followed blindly at the time of the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Ahadith cannot be followed because they are not reliable, yet can be followed for ritual prayers. Salah And Hadith Rejecters But we don’t need a favor for hadith about salah (coming from the same books and the same narrators who are declared as unreliable). We need an answer to this question: If the Qur’an is the only authentic source of Guidance, why did it never explain how to offer salah, although it repeatedly talks about its importance, associating it with eternal success and failure? What would we think of a communication that repeatedly emphasizes a certain act but never explains how to perform it? There are only two possibilities. Either it is a terrible omission (and in that case it cannot be from God) or another source for the how-to information is provided and it is a terrible mistake for any recipient to ignore that. (Recently some hadith rejecters have realized the difficulty of their position on salah. But they have made a claim that is even more ludicrous, namely that the Qur’an gives details on how to offer salah. “A careful reading of the Koran reveals that we are to get our Salaah from the Masjid-el Haraam [the continuous practice at Mecca since the time of Abraham],” says one proponent, “specifically the ‘place of Abraham (moqaam e Ibraheem).\'” Let us leave aside all the practical questions about such a fluid answer. Whose Salah? When? Are we to follow anyone and everyone we find praying at Muqame Ibrahim? How are those offering salah there are to determine proper way of offering Salah? How do you resolve their differences? In his enthusiasm in proposing this innovative solution, this proponent even forgot that the Qur’an says the following about the salah of mushrikeen at the Masjid-el Haraam: “Their prayer at the House of Allah is nothing but whistling and clapping of hands. (Its only answer can be), ‘Taste the chastisement because you blasphemed.\'” [Al-Anfal 8:35] ) The Reliability of Resources To accept one and reject the other source on the basis of reliability (statement #2) also defies reason, unless we received the Qur’an directly from Allah. But we have received both Qur’an and Hadith through the same channels. Same people transmitted this as the Word of Allah, that as the word of the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi was sallam. Even the verse claiming that Qur’an will be protected came to us through the same people. Through what logic can anyone declare that the channels are reliable for Qur’an and unreliable for Hadith? On the contrary the Quranic promise of protection must apply to Hadith as well for there is no point in protecting the words but not the meanings of the Qur’an. Protection of Qur’an To say that Allah promised to protect only Qur’an but not Islam (#6) is being as ridiculous as one can get. Let’s ignore the obvious question regarding the point of this Heavenly act. The question is if Islam has been corrupted and its true teachings have been lost, how can anyone claim to be its follower? Moreover, Qur’an says “If anyone desires a religion other than Islam, never will it be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost” [A’al-e-Imran, 3:85]. How are we to follow the religion acceptable to Allah if it was not to be protected? Were Ahadith Written Down for the First Time in the Third Century of Hijra? The above proves that ahadith must have been protected. Were they? The very existence of a huge library of hadith — the only one of its kind among the religions of the world — answers the question in the affirmative. To dismiss all that as later day fabrication (#1A, #2) requires lots of guts — and equal parts ignorance. Were ahadith written down for the first time in the third century of Hijra? Not at all. Actually hadith recording and collection started at the time of the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Abd-Allah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As, Radi-Allahu unhu, sought and was given the permission to write everything he heard from the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa Sallam, who said: “By the One in Whose Hands is my life! Whatever proceeds from here [pointing to his mouth] is the truth.” He produced Sahifa Sadiqa, which contained more than six thousand ahadith. Anas ibn Malik, Radi-Allahu unhu, who spent ten years in Prophet’s household, not only recorded the ahadith but also presented them to the Prophet, Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and got corrections. Abu Hurairah, Radi-Allahu unhu, had many volumes of his collections and even produced smaller compilations for his students. Prominent Hadith scholar Dr. Mustafa Azami has shown in his doctoral thesis that in the first century of Hijra many hundred booklets of hadith were in circulation. By the end of the second century, “by the most conservative estimate there were many thousands.” Of course most of these books do not exist today. They were simply absorbed into the encyclopedic collections that emerged in the third century. One manuscript from the first century was discovered in this century and published by Dr. Hamidullah. It is Sahifa Hammam ibn Munabbah, who was a disciple of Abu Hurairah, Radi-Allahu unhu. It contains 138 ahadith. Muhaddithin knew that the ahadith of this Sahifa had been absorbed into Musnad Ahmed and Muslim collections, which have been published continuously since their third century debut. After the discovery of the original manuscript it was naturally compared with the ahadith in Muslim and Musnad Ahmed that were thought to have come from that Sahifa. And what did they find? There was not an iota of difference between the two. Similarly Mussanaf of Abd al-Razzaq is extant and has been published. As has been Mu’ammar ibn Rashid’s al-Jami. These recently discovered original manuscripts bear out the Sihah Sitta. The recent appearance of these original manuscripts should bring the most skeptical into the fold of believers. Saheeh and the Gospels Regarding comparison of Saheeh with Gospels (#2), let’s listen to Dr. Hamidullah. “The compilation of the Gospels, their preservation and transmission from one generation to the other, has not taken place in the way which governed the books of Hadith… We do not know who wrote them, who translated them, and who transmitted them. How were they transferred from the original Aramaic to Greek? Did the scribes make arrangements for a faithful reproduction of the original? The four Gospels are mentioned, for the first time, three hundred years after Christ. Should we rely on such an unauthentic book in preference to that of Bukhari who prefaces every statement of two lines with three to nine references?” The Comments of Dr. Maurice Bucaille Dr. Maurice Bucaille earned the admiration of many Muslims because of his study of some scientific phenomena mentioned in the Qur’an and his testimony based on that study that Qur’an must be the Book of Allah. However he is not a hadith scholar and it is unfair to drag him into this discussion. His account of history of hadith compilation contains many errors, for example the claim that the first gathering of hadith was performed roughly forty years after Hijra or that no instructions were given regarding hadith collection. He questions about a dozen or so entries in Bukhari that he thinks deal with scientific matters. Even if all that criticism were valid, would it be sufficient ground to throw away the 9082 total entries (2602 unique ahadith) in Bukhari? He himself does not think so, for he writes: “The truth of hadith, from a religious point of view, is beyond question.” The Hadith Regarding the Sun But even his criticism is of questionable value. Consider the hadith about the sun: “At sunset the sun prostrates itself underneath the Throne and takes permission to rise again, and it is permitted and then a time will come when it will be about to prostrate itself… it will seek permission to go on its course… it will be ordered to return whence it has come and so it will rise in the West.” His criticism: “This implies the notion of a course the sun runs in relation to the Earth.” Bucaille fails to understand the real message of this hadith. It was not meant to teach astronomy. Its clear message is that sun is a slave of Allah, moving always through His Will. The hadith brings out that message very powerfully so that even the most illiterate bedouin would understand it fully. Moreover Bucaille should know better than to criticize the implied notion of sun’s rotation around earth. Even today the astronomers, when calculating the time of sunrise and sunset, use a mathematical model in which the sun revolves around the earth. If that is acceptable for scientific work as it makes calculations easier, why is it questionable, when it makes communication easier? Also there are other ahadith which clearly demonstrate a scientific fact beyond the knowledge of the times but Bucaille has failed to take notice. For example the hadith about solar eclipse: “The sun and moon are two signs of Allah. They are not eclipsed on account of anyone’s death or on account of anyone’s birth.” (Muslim, hadith #1966]. The eclipse had coincided with the death of Prophet’s son. A false prophet would have tried to exploit the occasion. A fabricated hadith would require scientific knowledge that did not exist then. The munkareen-e-hadith think that their beliefs are built on solid rock. Well, it is as solid as wax: The religion based on this idea can be fitted into any mold. For some hadith rejecters that was the motivation. For everyone, that is the inevitable result. But the good news is that their arguments are the same way. On the surface they appear to be solid. But faced with the light of truth, they melt away like wax. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ I hope this will clear up somethings, inshallah. May Allah always keep us on the Straight Path. samiha, Feb 12, 2007 Share #2 Noor to shine Junior Member 3:32 Say: “Obey Allah and His Messenger.: But if they turn back, Allah loveth not those who reject Faith. 8:13 This because they contended against Allah and His Messenger. If any contend against Allah and His Messenger, Allah is strict in punishment. 8:20 O ye who believe! Obey Allah and His Messenger, and turn not away from him when ye hear (him speak). In the verses there is a clear command from Allah swt that we should obey him and his prophet : This what the companians of the prophet salla Allah alaihi wa sallam did in a perfect manner …..They obeyed their Lord and his prophet we should follow their steps ……but How buy learning the correct hadiths …….Allah swt guided many good noble sincere shollars to collect the hadiths and study their Authenticity : The following Link is informative: http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/scienceofhadith/brief1/ Without hadiths Muslims will not know how to pray or fast or give Zakat or perform hajj….or live as the prophet salla Allah alaihi wa sallam did. But be careful not to accept any hadith …..Learn the Authentic hadiths and study the life of the prophet salla Allah alaihi wa sallam for better understanding. With regards Noor to shine, Feb 12, 2007 • Brother virtualeye Tamed Brother AssalaamuAlaikum, Interpretation of Quran without the help of Hadith is same as going to Moon without studying space science. Quran Only believers (actually infidels) do not take any sort of help from Islamic history , arguing that history is not reliable and refering to the verse of Quran which you have mentioned. If anybody bothers you and tells you to only read Quran and reject Ahadith, then kindly ask them a very simple question: Ask him to explain why a person name “Lahab” is being cursed in the Surah Lahab of Quran. And why his wife also being cursed? What did they do? If they use historical contexts, hence they are negating their whole ideolgy of Quran Only. They will give you lame answers. They will say you have to look at the remaing part of Quran to “Assume” that the person “Lahab” did not obey Allah. But then you will ask them, why this person is being specifically cursed by naming him and a whole surah came down just to curse him. No Answer they have. Simple is that, If there was no need of Hadith, then there was no need of Prophet (PBUH) to come and show the implementation of Quran in reality. Allah would have just sent Quran as a whole book in a sudden, instead of slowly and gradually in 23 years. Wassalaam. VE • Brother virtualeye Tamed Brother And your question regarding the killing an apostate, is answered by Brother Mabsoot on this page: http://www.turntoislam.com/forum/showthread.php?t=7377&page=3 Penishment of death is only for that person who openly starts declaring that and hence encourage other people to leave or at least be doubtful about their religion. Otherwise there are hundreds of thousands of Muslims who have just stopped practincing Islam and have adopted modern vulgar culture. Wassalaam. VE virtualeye, Feb 12, 2007 • Brother Globalpeace Banned Hadeeth & Its Position Asslamo Allaikum Sister, You have asked an interesting question about which I recently had a debate in Pakistan with the adherents of Ghulam Ahmed Parvaiz (they deny Hadeeth)… Masha’Allah the answer is given from Qur’aan & Sunnah but I had to debate with these guys from logic as they DON’T accept Hadeeth… Before I proceed, please note that there two “Ghulams” from Pakistan: 1) Ghulam Ahmed Qadiyani who claimed to be a prophet 2) Ghulam Ahmed Parvaiz who refused to accept Hadeeth And both of them are Non-Muslims according to consensus of scholars world-wide I put the following questions to them which they couldn’t answer. 1) Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) was born in 571 AD 2) First revelation of the Qur’aan was in 610 AD with last revelation of the Qu’raan was in 632 AD so Qur’aan was finished in 22 years (approximately) 3) Abu-Bakar (RA) became Khalifa in 633 AD till 635 and then Umar (RA) in 635 and the Khilafa of Sahaba lasted 30 years till 662 AD. The last companion of Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) passed away in 732 AD. a. How do you think problems & issues were solved between 632 AD (Quran stopped, Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) passed away) and 732 when the last Sahabi (RA) passed away? b. The main issues I am talking about are as follows (I will stop at a few although there are many more): i. When Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) passed away there was an issue as to where he should be buried (it is NOT in the Qur’aan)? ii. After Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) passed away many people claimed to be false prophets (it is NOT in the Qur’aan as to how to deal with them)? iii. After Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) passed away many people refused to pay Zakat to the first Caliph Abu-Bak’r (RA) (it is NOT in the Qur’aan as to how to deal with them)? iv. After Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) passed away, they wrote down Qur’aan in a book form (as it exists today)…Please note that this was not done by Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and it is NOT in the Qur’aan? v. We are in year 2007 how do you think we should pray as it is not mentioned in the Qur’aan? vi. We are in year 2007 how many times do you think we should pray as it is not mentioned in the Qur’aan ? vii. Finally I asked the guy in Pakistan whose wife just had a baby and was getting blood transfusion as show me from the Qur’aan if blood transfusion is Halal or Haram? The answers to all of the above is Hadeeth & Consensus/opinions of Companions (known as Athar in Arabic) • We have to believe the hadiths as well, the sahih hadith That Muslims should accept the Hadith/Sunnah as a source of Islamic Law is advocated by the Holy Qur’an itself: “Whatever the messenger gives you, take it; and whatever he forbids you from, abstain from that.” “Obey Allah and obey the Prophet and render not your actions in vain.” “Whoever obeys the Messenger, he indeed obeys Allah.” Likewise, the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) also emphasized the authoritative nature of his Sunnah. During the course of Khutbah al Wada’ah (Farewell Sermon) the Prophet (s.a.w.s) is reported to have said: “I leave behind two things, if you hold fast unto them you shall never go astray: the Book of Allah and my Sunnah.” The website you quoted is taking literal meanings from hadith and they are not infact in contradiction to the Quraan. There are six sahih books of hadith trusted by all scholars http://www.islam4theworld.com/hadith/articles/siha_sittah_compilers.htm Hadith which were weak or fabricated have been put into different books. I would urge you to find out about the life of Imam Bukhari http://www.hilalplaza.com/ebooks/bukhari.pdf There are many websites like the one you quoted they rely on the readers ignorance . hafz, Apr 17, 2007 :salam2: Yes you HAVE to believe in Hadith. It is ludicrous to believe otherwise. How would you pray, do Hajj, break fast in Ramadan and so many other things if you did not believe in Hadith? How would you say the Shahadah, in which you proclaim Muhammad the Messenger of Allah, yet then deny his teachings? :astag: The Qur’aan it its unadultered and perfected form tells us to follow the Messenger of Allah Say: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, but if you turn away, he (Messenger Muhammad saaws) is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to convey Allah’s Message) and you for that placed on you. If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger’s duty is only to convey (the message) in a clear way (i.e. to preach in a plain way).” “So take what the Messenger assigns to you and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you.” (Qur’ân 59:7) Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “By the star when it goes down (or vanishes). Your companion (Muhammad) has neither gone astray nor has erred. Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only a Revelation revealed. He has been taught (this Qur’aan) by one mighty in power [Jibreel (Gabriel)]. One free from any defect in body and mind then he (Jibreel — Gabriel in his real shape as created by Allaah) rose and became stable” [al-Najm 53:1-6] Allaah has commanded the people to obey His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He has enjoined this in many verses of the Qur’aan, of which we will quote some. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Say (O Muhammad): “Obey Allaah and the Messenger (Muhammad).” But if they turn away, then Allaah does not like the disbelievers” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:32] “He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad), has indeed obeyed Allaah, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O Muhammad) as a watcher over them” [al-Nisa’ 4:80] “O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allaah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allaah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination” [al-Nisa’ 4:59] “And perform As Salaah (Iqaamat as-Salaah), and give Zakaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad) that you may receive mercy (from Allaah)” [al-Noor 24:56] Allaah warns against rejecting the word of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) (interpretation of the meaning): “… And let those who oppose the Messenger’s commandment (i.e., his Sunnah) (among the sects) beware, lest some fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.” [al-Noor 24:63] Therefore, in order to follow the Quran you HAVE to follow and believe in the Hadith! to all the people who brought together these Ayat from the Qur’aan May Allah guide us all to the Straight Path. Ameen. samiha, Apr 17, 2007 Share #3 • :salam2: Jazakee Allahu khayran Sister Samiha for your excellent and informative reply!!! What Are the Quran And Sunnah? Why Do Muslims Have To Follow This? The Qur’an is a book containing the literal Word of Allah. It was transmitted from Allah to an angel of His (Gabriel), and from the angel to the Messenger of Allah who delivered it to us. The Qur’an covers a wide variety of topics, including evidence to support its claim of being the Word of the Creator, stories of earlier generations, rules which humanity is asked to obey, and information about the Hereafter. The Qur’an claims that it is protected from change by other than Allah, and this is confirmed by its 1400 year history. The earliest copies and the latest copies are the same. The Sunnah is the term used to describe how the Messenger of Allah (saas) lived his life. The Messenger’s life is an example for all Muslims, or those who accept Islam, to follow. Whatever the Messenger (saas) did, said, or approved of is a source of Islam just as much as the Qur’an. The Messenger’s role is not overemphasized: his life was dictated by what the Creator desired, and the Messenger did not add or subtract to Islam according to his own personal whim. His life was such that his wife called him “a walking Qur’an.” The Qur’an and Sunnah are the only two mediums by which Allah has directly taught us about Islam. This leads us to the following simple but critical principle: If any man or woman engages in a belief or action which clearly contradicts the Qur’an or Sunnah, then that belief or action cannot be thought of as `Islamic’. This rule applies whether the man or woman is Muslim or non-Muslim. Hence, we cannot equate Islam and the Muslims. Islam is the way of life; Muslims are people who claim to follow that way of life. A Muslim may claim to follow Islam, but be wrong. In the context of misconceptions, we can restate the above principle in a slightly different way: Some misconceptions about Islam are due to the wrong beliefs and actions of Muslims, and others are due to a significant lack of understanding and false stereotyping by non-Muslims. The Science of Hadith By Sheikh Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf Bismillahi wal hamdulillah wassalatu wassalamu ala Rasoolillah, Ilmul Hadith is the science of the study of hadith. What defines “Hadith” will be mentioned later, but to begin with I would like to emphasize that the science of Hadith is one of many religious sciences. Just looking at the fundamental sciences there is Usul-Al-Quran (fundamentals of Quran), Usul Al-Hadith (fundamentals of Hadith), Lughah (language, including balaghah, Fasahah) and Usul al-Fiqh (the fundamentals of Fiqh). The science of Hadith is one that is dependent on the science of Quran but also one that is necessary for the proper understanding of Quran. A point I would like to make now is that there are people out there who question the necessity of hadith, in fact, the Qura’niyoon claim that hadith is irrelevant and that they will only study Quran. This is a ludicrous claim. Allah says in Quran: “[2:129] Our Lord! Send amongst them a Messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Thy Signs to them and instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom, and sanctify them: for Thou art the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” They keyword here being that the messenger is to teach them the book AND impart wisdom upon them. Even the Sahabah had problems understand some of the language of Quran. In sourat Al-Hashr Allah tells us: “[59:7] So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you.” He also says: “[4:65] But no, by thy Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction.” Finally, Allah says: “[4:59] O ye who believe! obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best, and most suitable for final determination.” Overall, I believe it is blasphemy on Allah subhanahu wa taala to believe that he sent an irrelevant or faulty messenger. If the messenger was irrelevant and added nothing to the religion, then why didn’t Allah send down the book in one piece? Why pass it to us through a messenger? Now a look at some of the terminology used in conjunction with this science: 1-Hadith: a) In a linguistic sense, “hadith” means a communication or a story. b) From a technical perspective (relative to the science of hadith): It is the collection prophet’s deeds, statements and concessions. In addition to this, any traditions that carry a description of the Prophet (PBUH) and his physical appearance and properties are considered hadith, such as “Ash-Shama’il Al-Muhammadiyah.” In Quran, the word hadith is used. Allah refers to Quran as being “Ahsan Al-Hadith” (39:23) which means the best of messages or the best of words. He also warns “[68:44] Then leave Me alone with such as reject this Message (hadith): by degrees shall We punish them from directions they perceive not.” 2-Sunnah: a) Hadith is often referred to as “As-Sunnah.” The word “Sunnah” is used interchangeably with the word “Hadith” especially when we are talking about the sources of Islamic Jurisprudence (First is Quran, second is Hadith or Sunnah). b) Sunnah also means the Prophet’s way of life. c) Sunnah is also a Fiqh Rank when discerning the rulings of the different issues. Such deed is sunnah means that it is recommended or emphasized. The importance of hadith: The Prophet (saaw) was a walking Quran. He was the manifestation of Quran on earth. And the companions were very aware of this. This is why they accompanied him. This is why they have the title “Companions of the Prophet (saaw).” The term “Companion” is not used loosely. Not everyone who became a believer at the time of the Prophet (saaw) is a companion, only those who got to to meet him (except for one man whom the Prophet saaw referred to him as a companion even though he could not come and meet the prophet saaw). The Companions of the Prophet (saaw) realized his value and so they put an unbelievable amount of effort to be with him and to record and cherish everything he said and did. Omar (raa) had a deal with another companion that they would alternate, one would go out and work to provide for his family while the other would stay with the prophet and record all that he said and did. At the end of the day they would share what they learned. Abu Hurairah is another example. Though he became a Muslim fairly late in the Prophet’s years of Prophethood, yet he has the most narrations of all the Prophet’s companions. It is because as soon as he became a Muslim, he became one of Ahlu-Suffah (poor companions who stayed at the mosque of the Prophet saaw) and he dedicated his life to accompanying the Prophet (saaw) and learning from him. So much so that some companions have tested him because of his many narrations and he passed their tests.. This tradition was kept so closely that if the Prophet (saaw) did something in the original tradition, the narrators through out time have did the exact same thing. There is a whole category of hadith called “Al-Musalsalat” in which the narrator would say “and then the prophet (saaw) did this..” and he would the exact same thing the prophet (saaw) did. For example, smile, or shake hands or entwine ones fingers with another’s fingers (tashbeek). This is how precise these people maintained that tradition, that even if the Prophet (saaw) would do a gesture they would be sure to mention it and repeat it. The need for the science of hadith: The science of Hadith is a very specific and exact science. The science of “Jarh wa Ta’deel” (examination of the narrators), is one that has very specific and clear laws and fundamentals that we will touch upon. The ahadith (plural of hadith) of the Prophet (SAAW) went far and wide. The Companions of the Prophet (SAAW) went far away from Madinah. Just consider that the army that conquered Mecca was 10,000 strong and there were only a few thousand companions in Madinah during the time of Omar (RAA). When you consider that each companion probably did not narrate the hadith or tradition to just one person but a group of students, then you can imagine the tree getting wider and wider.. And so the necessity of collecting this tradition becomes apparent. The Collection of Hadith: The earliest collections of hadith were done by the Companions themselves. Some Companions kept scrolls of hadith. We know that Abu Bakr (RAA) kept a collection of hadith. Yet, most of the tradition of hadith was transferred in spoken form. The first collection of hadith was done by Abu Bakr ibn Hazm and was commissioned by Omar ibn Abdul-Aziz. Following that, many famous collections were made, the first and most prominent is the Muwatta’ of Imam Malik, this was followed by many others such as Musnad Imam Ahmed, Sahih Al-Bukhari, Mustadrak Al-Hakim and so forth. Transmission of Hadith: There are eight ways in which hadith can be transmitted from one person to another as the scholars of hadith have discerned: a) Listening: The recipient of the hadith listened to the transmitter of the hadith and memorized it from him/her. b) Presenting: The recipient of the hadith retold it in the presence of the transmitter and he approved of that narration. This is particularly important in our time. We live in the information age. There is an abundance of information, but there is a lack of Ilm. Because information is being transferred carelessly. It is important to note that those who reported hadith as transmitted from others without their permission were known as the “Thieves of Hadith.” c) Permission: The transmitter of the hadith has given the recipient permission to narrate ahadith from him. d) Handing down: A book of hadith was given by the transmitter to the recipient and he was allowed to narrate from it. e) Written: A written message was sent from the transmitter to the recipient that contained the hadith. f) Made known (I’lam): To inform about ahadith. This means that the informer informs someone that the he the [informer has the permission to transmit a certain book of hadith on a certain scholar’s authority. Some scholars permit this while others reject it. g) Bequest: The transmitter stated the hadith in his bequest to the recipient. h) Found: The recipient came upon a work by the transmitter that contained this hadith. This was noted down by the scholars of hadith, and how the hadith was transmitted adds value to the authenticity of the hadith. For example, when relating ahadith, often you will see the authors of the books of hadith write “Hadathana” or “Akhbarana” or sometimes they would just write “’an folan ‘an ilan” (word “’an” means this hadith was reported “by” so and so). These are not random words and are not used without consequence. For example, “Hadathana” denotes that the teacher read to the student and the student is reporting that, while “akhbarana” means that the student himself read it to the teacher and was approved of the way he memorized it. The study of hadith: Scholars have given the study of hadith a great weight. They argued over how early one can start studying it and how one can perfect it. Some said as early as 10 years, others said 12, 15 or 20. Incidentally, one scholar said a child can start learning hadith as soon as he can tell the difference between a cow and a donkey. J As an example of how early you can begin, Imam Shafii memorized all of Imam Malik’s Muwata’ when he was only 10. Authentication of Hadith: Why Authenticate hadith? Why go through all the different ranks and levels and scrutiny of each narrator? The main reason was to preserve hadith from being corrupted and altered by ideological and political influence. That is, to protect hadith from fabrication. Fabrication had many reasons, some were political, some were simply personal interest. Still, once the fear of people making up ahadith and attributing them to the prophet became a real one, scholars of religion began to dedicate themselves to preservation of the prophetic traditions. Hadith Ranking: The ranks of hadith were devised by scholars of hadith to evaluate the chain and the body of the hadith and give it a rank that helps weed out fabricated ahadith. It should be noted that even these rankings are not absolute. Some scholars of hadith were more strict than others. The scholars of hadith themselves are ranked as “Mo’tadel” (moderate) such as Al-Zhahabi, “Motashaddid” (strict) such as Ibn Al-Jawzi and Ad-Daraqutani and “Mutasahil” (Lenient) such as Al-Hakim. When determining the authenticity of a hadith, the scholars examine the body of the hadith and the chain of narrators. The chain is examined for two things, frequency of narration and continuity to the prophet. In addition to this, each narrator in the chain is evaluated for his honesty and strength of memory. Frequency of narration: a) Mutawatir: A mutawatir hadith is one that is narrated by a group of people in each level of its chain. An example of “tawatur” is the fact that Antarctica exists. It is something that a large group of people saw (either in real life or satellite photos) and then reported to a greater host of people who then wrote it in books to the rest of us. Mutawatir comes in two types: 1. Literally: Meaning that we have many copies of the hadith narrated by different people but all the exact same words. Those are very few among the collection of prophetic tradition. 2. Contextually: This means that the hadith is narrated by many people in each level of the chain but not in the exact same words. There are many such ahadith and most of them form the fundamental of Islamic beliefs and jurisprudence. b) Ahaad: This type constitutes the majority of the prophetic traditions. It is the hadith that only has a few concurrent narrators at each level in its chain of narration. This in turn is divided into a few subgroups. It is important to understand that in the categories below, the number listed represent the fewest number of concurrent narrators at any level in the chain. So, for example if a hadith has 6 companion narrators (that is level 1) and then 8 tabieen narrators (level 2) and then 2 level 3 narrators and then 12 level 4 narrators, then the width of this hadith’s chain is “2” which is the width of the chain at level 3 because that is the narrowest that the chain got to. So, this hadith would be Aziz (chain width of 2) even though it is narrated by 6 Companions and ultimately 10 people. Here are the types of Ahaad hadith: 1. Mashhoor (famous): It does not mean famous among people, but frequently seen. This is the hadith that has a minimum chain width of three. 2. Aziz (precious/rare): It is the hadith that has a minimum chain width of two. 3. Gharib (stranger): It is the hadith that has a minimal chain width of one. 4. al-Fard (single): This is of two types: (fard mutlaq): where this particular hadith was transmitted by that particular person only. Or (fard nisbi) this has different meanings (1) none of the trustworthy narrators transmitted this hadith except this person, or (we can say) others narrated it as well but they were not trustworthy. (2) none of the scholars from any other region transmitted it except scholars from one region. Continuity of Narration: a) Marfoo’: Connected to the Prophet (SAAW). Means the Companion narrator specifically stated that the Prophet (SAAW) said this. b) Hokm Al-Marfoo’: Connected by reasoning. When the Companion did not mention it is a saying of the Prophet (SAAW) yet it is a matter that could have only come from the Prophet (PBUH). c) Musnad/Mutassil: Fully connected, this means there are no missing gaps in the chain, everyone in the chain heard it from the person directly before him in the chain. d) Mawqoof (stopped): the hadith is the saying of the Companion. e) Maqtoo’ (cut): the hadith is the saying or teaching of a tabi’ee (generation after the Companions). f) Mursal: The Tabi’ee narrates that the Prophet (SAAW) said without mentioning the Companion who told him this. g) Mu’alaq (hanging): There is a discontinuity in the chain at the beginning. h) Munqati: There is a discontinuity in the chain in the middle. i) Mo’dal: There is a gap of two narrators in the chain. j) Mo’an’an: Narrated through the use of “’an” as explained before. k) Musalsal: Narrated including a gesture or act by the Prophet (SAAW) that is included in the tradition. Ranks of Hadith: Now we examine the different rankings of hadith which as we said is a function of examining the hadith’s chain as well as its body. a) Maqbool (accepted): This means the hadith is accepted as proof in Islamic Jurisprudence. So that a scholar of Islamic Law can hold this hadith to his peers as proof of his point of view. This is divided into: 1. Sahih (correct/proper form): This is the highest rank of authenticity and it has two sub ranks: i. Intrinsic Sahih: Sahih because its chain and body have passed all the necessary bars. ii. Sahih through other means: This means the hadith has slight flaws in its chain that should rank it as Hassan (see below) but because of other ahadith that may resonate the meaning the hadith is elevated to the ranks of Sahih. 2. Hassan (good/well): Like wise it can also be divided into intrinsic Hassan and Hassan through other means which may be a weak hadith originally. b) Mardood (rejected): This denotes the ahadith that have serious flaws in their chain or body that prevent them from being a proof in Jurisprudence and law. They are divided into two types: 1. Da’eef (weak): This is ahadith that has flaws in its chain that cannot be reconciled. This does not necessarily mean the hadith is not true or that it is fabricated. It basically means that this hadith through this chain cannot be taken reliably to be the words of the Prophet (SAAW). 2. Mawdoo’ (fabricated): This is a hadith that has an obvious taint of fabrication into its chain or body. Here is a list of the criteria for qualifying a hadith as Sahih: a) No contradictions with Quran or other well established Sahih hadith. b) Continuity of the chain of narrators. c) No Ellah (defects). And there has been many works on the “Defects of hadith” by prominent scholars like At-Termizhi and Ad-Daraqutani. d) And every narrator in the chain had to be Adil (Righteous), Truthful and Dabit (of strong memory). If a sahih hadith fails some of these conditions, it is degraded into the rank of Hassan. Some flaws though would bring the hadith down to the rank of Da’eef. I would like to interject here a note on the usage of Da’eef hadith. Some people treat Da’eef hadith nowadays as if it is useful. When someone says a hadith they say “Oh, I heard it is Da’eef” as if that somehow makes the hadith void. This is an incorrect approach, if hadith da’eef was useless, then why did all those scholars of hadith maintain it for 1400 hundred years? Why not just take it out? Da’eef has many uses in our life and it is well established that you can follow weak hadith in Fadha’il (moral encouragement/spirituality). There are works by great scholars of hadith on how and when to use Da’eef hadith. In fact, sometimes a Da’eef hadith can be used in Jurisprudence and taken as text. An example of this is the Prophet’s hadith that “there is no bequest for an heir” meaning that you cannot bequest part of your estate to someone who will inherit you naturally. This is a Da’eef hadith yet one that has been used by scholars of inheritance because it has been so widely accepted and practiced. Terminology of the scholars of hadith: Just so that can get a picture of the amount of work and dedication these scholars put into their work, let us look at the titles and ranks they hold: A scholar who is called a “Hujjah” of hadith is one who memorizes at least 300,000 ahadith. A Hafiz is one who memorizes 100,000. A Hakim is one who memorizes all of the known ahadith. If you find these numbers amazing. Consider this.. Imam Ahmad memorized one thousand thousand ahadith (not a type, that is one million). He said of them he knew 700,000+ that were Sahih. Abu Zar’a Ar-Razi memorized 700,00 ahadith. Muslim memorized 140,000 on Tafseer (explanation of Quran) and 300,000 ahadith in total. Imam Bukhari memorized 100,000 Sahih hadith and 200,000 that were not Sahih. A final point to think about is that despite all their work, the scholars of hadith are still scholars of hadith. Being a scholar of hadith does not automatically make one a scholar of Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence). An obvious example of this is Al-Amash who was one of the greatest scholars of hadith in the time of Imam Abu Hanifah. And when he was asked on a certain matter he said he knew no hadith on this matter. Yet Abu Hanifah gave a fatwah on this matter based on a hadith that he proclaimed that he heard from al-Amash. When Al-Amash inquired from Imam Abu Hanifah, the Imam explained to him how he used one of the ahadith that Al-Amash told him to view this and Al-Amash said “We (the scholars of hadith) are like the Pharmacists and you (the scholars of Fiqh) are like the Doctors.” Question: Is there a certain science behind the naming of the books of hadith as Sahih Bukhari or Musnad Ahmad and so forth? Answer: Yes, there is actually very specific terminology for naming books of hadith: a) Sahih: Means the book only contains Sahih ahadith. Examples of this would be Sahih Al-Bukhari. b) Sunan: Means the book is ordered in the ordering of the books of fiqh (that is, it begins with Taharah “purity” and then Prayer, fasting, charity…). c) Al-Jami’: Means the book contains eight specific chapters in its index. Those include Seerah (life of the Prophet SAAW) and Tafseer (explanation of Quran). d) Musnad: Means the book is indexed by the Sahabah (i.e. one chapter for ahadith narrated by Aysha, then one for ahadith narrated by Omar and so forth). e) Mustadrak: A continuation of a work by a previous scholar. An example would be a scholar who would try to collect all the sahih hadith on Seerah. And then a later scholar would write a book that would append ahadith he believes the original author omitted or did not know about. Important: The Science of Hadith, What Are Hadith? Mabsoot Ameer In the Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’ân) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption). (Qur’an 15:9) The above ayat (verse) is obviously fulfilled in the undisputed purity of the Qur’anic text throughout the fourteen centuries since its revelation. However, what is sometimes forgotten is that the divine promise also includes, by necessity, the Sunnah of the Prophet . The Sunnah is the practical example of the implementation of the Qur’anic guidance, the wisdom taught to the Prophet along with the scripture, and neither the Qur’an nor the Sunnah can be understood correctly without the other. Allaah, subhana watala, says in His Book (An-Nûr 24:54): Say: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, but if you turn away, he (Messenger Muhammad saaws) is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to convey Allah’s Message) and you for that placed on you. If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger’s duty is only to convey (the message) in a clear way (i.e. to preach in a plain way).” Allah (SWT) preserved the Sunnah by enabling the companions and those after them to memorize, write down and pass on the statements of the Prophet (PBUH), and the descriptions of his way, as well as to continue the blessings of practicing the Sunnah. From al-Irbaad ibn Saariyah [radiy’Allaahu anhu] who said: Allaah’s Messenger gave us an admonition which caused the eyes to shed tears and the hearts to fear, so we said, “O Messenger of Allaah, this is as if it were a farewell sermon, so with what do you counsel us?” So he said: “I have left you upon clear proof , its night is like its day, no one deviates from it except one who is destroyed, and whoever lives long from amongst you will see great controversy. So stick to what you know from my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the orthodox, rightly-guided caliphs – cling to that with your molar teeth, and stick to obedience even if it is to an Abyssinian slave, since the believer is like a submissive camel, wherever he is led, he follows”[Ahmad (4/126), Ibn Maajah (no. 43), al-Haakim (1/96) and others – Hasan] Later, as the purity of the knowledge of the Sunnah became a concern, Allah (SWT) caused the Muslim Ummah to produce individuals with exceptional memory skills and analytical expertise, who travelled tirelessly to collect thousands of narrations and distinguish the true words of prophetic wisdom from those corrupted by weak memories, from forgeries by unscrupulous liars, and from the statements of the large number of Ulama (scholars), the companions and those who followed their way. All of this was achieved through precise attention to the words narrated, and detailed familiarity with the biographies of the thousands of reporters of hadith. The methodology of the expert scholars of hadith in assessing the narrations and sorting out the genuine from the mistaken and fabricated, for ms the subject matter of the science of hadith. Components of Hadith A hadith is composed of three parts (see the figure [below]): Matn (text), isnad (chain of reporters), and taraf (the part, or the beginning sentence, of the text which refers to the sayings, actions or characteristics of the Prophet (PBUH), or his concurrence with others action). The authenticity of the hadith depends on the reliability of its reporters, and the linkage among them. Classifications of Hadith A number of classifications of hadith have been made. Five of these classifications are shown in the figure [below], and are briefly described subsequently. 1. According to the reference to a particular authority Four types of hadith can be identified.  Qudsi – Divine; a revelation from Allah (SWT); relayed with the words of the Prophet (PBUH).  Marfu – elevated; a narration from the Prophet (PBUH), e.g. I heard the Prophet (PBUH) saying …  Mauquf- stopped: a narration from a companion only, e.g., we were commanded to …  Maqtu’ – severed: a narration from a successor. 2. According to the links of Isnad – interrupted or uninterrupted Six categories can be identified.  Musnad – supported: a hadith which is reported by a traditionalist, based on what he learned from his teacher at a time of life suitable for learning; similarly – in turn – for each teacher until the isnad reaches a well known companion, who in turn, reports from the Prophet (PBUH).  Mutassil – continuous: a hadith with an uninterrupted isnad which goes back only to a companion or successor.  Mursal – hurried: if the link between the successor and the Prophet (PBUH) is missing, e.g. when a successor says “The Prophet said…”.  Munqati – broken: is a hadith whose link anywhere before the successor (i.e., closer to the traditionalist recording the hadith) is missing.  Mu’adal – perplexing: is a hadith whose reporter omits two or more consecutive reporters in the isnad.  Mu’allaq – hanging: is a hadith whose reporter omits the whole isnad and quotes the Prophet (PBUH) directly (i.e., the link is missing at the beginning).  3. According to the number of reporters involved in each stage of Isnad Five categories of hadith can be identified:  Mutawatir – Consecutive: is a hadith which is reported by such a large number of people that they cannot be expected to agree upon a lie, all of them together.  Ahad – isolated: is a hadith which is narrated by people whose number does not reach that of the mutawatir. It is further classified into:  Mash’hur – famous: hadith reported by more than two reporters.  Aziz – rare, strong: at any stage in the isnad, only two reporters are found to narrate the hadith.  Gharib – strange: At some stage of the Isnad, only one reporter is found relating it.  4. According to the nature of the text and isnad  Munkar – denounced: is a hadith which is reported by a weak narrator, and whose narration goes against another authentic hadith.  Mudraj – interpolated: an addition by a reporter to the text of the hadith being narrated.  5. According to the reliability and memory of the reporters This provides the final verdict on a hadith – four categories can be identified:  Sahih – sound. Imam Al-shafi’i states the following requiremetts for a hadith, which is not mutawatir, to be acceptable “each reporter should be trustworthy in his religion; he should be known to be truthtul in his narrating, to understand what he narrates, to know how a different expression can alter the meaning, and to report the wording of the hadith verbatim, not only its meaning”.  Hasan – good: is the one where its source is known and its reporters are unambiguous.  Da’if – weak: a hadith which fails to reach the status of hasan. Usually, the weakness is: a) one of discontinuity in the isnad, in which case the hadith could be – according to the nature of the discontinuity – munqati (broken), mu’allaq (hanging), mu’dal (perplexing), or mursal (hurried), or b) one of the reporters having a disparaged character, such as due to his telling lies, excessive mistakes, opposition to the narration of more reliable sources, involvement in innovation, or ambiguity surrounding his person.  Maudu’ – fabricated or forged: is a hadith whose text goes against the established norms of the Prophet’s sayings, or its reporters include a liar. Fabricated hadith are also recognized by external evidence related to a discrepancy found in the dates or times of a particular incident. taken from http://muttaqun.com/ Compilers of Sihah al Sittah (The six correct ones) IMAM BUKHARI : (13th Shawwal 194 AH – 1st Shawwal 256 AH) Imam Bukhari’s full name was Mohammed Ismail al Bukhari. He was born in Bukhara, a city of Uzbekistan. His father was a good narrator for Hadith. When he was a small child he lost his father. Right from the beginning he was very brilliant , having an astonishing memory. He received his early education from scholars like Muhammad bin Salam Baikondi and Muhammad bin Yusuf Baikondi, in Bukhara itself. Imam Bukhari was having a great power of remembrance. When he was only eleven years of age the corrected Allama Dakhli, a great Islamic scholar for a mistake in the reference of a Sanad. At the age of 16 he learnt by heart some great books on Islamic jurisprudence. In search of Hadith he traveled to Syria, Egypt, Basra Makkah, Medina, Kufa. He collected Hadith from more than one thousand scholars. He himself had remembered around six lakh Ahadith. The different compilation of Hadith which was existing during the time of Imam Bukhari was somewhat vague and was difficult for a general student to take help from it because they were having the collection of strong and weak Hadith without providing a clear distinction. So Imam Bukhari planned to compile a book of Ahadith which should contain only highly authentic Ahadith. His teacher Ishaq bin Rahuya has also appreciated this idea. So accordingly he started his work. He wrote the whole book in the premises of Ka’aba and later indexed the Ahadith near the grave of the Holy Messenger in Medina. He used to offer two Rakah of Namaz before writing any Ahadith. Several contemporary Islamic scholar has appreciated and certified his compilation as authentic. Apart from the great compilation of Sahih Bukhari, he wrote many books like Al-Tarikh Al-Kabir, Al-Tarikh Al-Saghir, Al-Adabul Mufsad, Al-Tarikhul Awsat and Kitabul Fawaid, etc. IMAM MUSLIM (204 AH – 25th Rajab 261 AH) : Imam Muslim’s full name was Abul Hasan Muslim Al Hajjaj. He was born in Neeshapur, an old city near Iran. He was having connection from the clan of Qasher, a famous clan of Arab. He received his earlier education in Neeshapur, Imam Yaka Neeshapuri, Harmala and Yahya bin Yaha were his teacher. He traveled Iraq, Hejaz, Egypt, Syria, etc. in search of Hadith. For getting broader knowledge of Hadith he also contacted with Imam Bukhari, Imam Shafii and Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal, etc. He was having some difference with Imam Bukhari on some issue, which he had described in the preface of his book. He compiled his great work Sahih Muslim after scanning about three lakh Hadith. His Sahih Muslim contains 7422 Ahadith. This work completed in about 15 years. Besides this he wrote books on Ilm-al-Hadith and two more books named as Kitabul Iman and Kitabul Tafsir. IMAM IBN MAJA (209 – 295 AH) : Imam Ibn Maja’s full name was Abu Abdullah Mohammad bin Yazid bin Abdullah Ibn Maja. He is famous by the name of his grand father i.e. Ibn Maja. He was born in Quzdeen, a famous city of Azerbaijan. After the compilation of his education he devoted himself for the collection and compilation of Ahadith. In the process he visited Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Khurasan and Hejaz, etc. His great compilation of Hadith is known as ‘Sunan Ibn Maja’. 302 Hadith of “Sunan Ibn Maja are also mentioned in other five collections of Sihah al Sittah’. Some scholars do not include ‘Sunan Ibn Maja’ in the ‘Sihah al Sittah’. Either they consider only ‘Sihah al Khamsa’ i.e. Five correct ones or they include Imam Maliks “Moata” in the Sihah al Sittah instead of Sunan’ Ibn Maja. Apart from Sunan Ibn Maja, he compiled a book containing the Ahadith related to the explanation of the Quran and he also wrote a book on history called as ‘At- Tarikh’ but nowadays none of these books are available. IMAM ABU DAUD (202 AH – 275 AH) – Imam Abu Daud’s full name was Abu Daud Sulaiman b Ash’ath. He was born in Basra. He visited Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Hejaz and Khurasan, etc. for collecting Ahadith and other related information. His great compilation of Ahadith is known as ‘Sunan Abu Daud’. He wrote ‘Sunan Abu Daud’ after a scanning of around five lakh Ahadith. After the compilation of ‘Sunan Abu Daud’ he presented it to Imam Ahmed Ibn Hambal, who appreciated his efforts. This book contains Ahadith on Islamic jurisprudence history, Jihad and other related issues. He mentioned many such Ahadith, which are not mentioned in the Shahih (the correct i.e. the compilation of Imam Bukhari and Muslim). Because he obeyed those narrators too, about whom he found no objectionable thing. He has mentioned in detail the quality of Ahadith in the book according to their authenticity. IMAM TIRMIDHI: Imam Tirmidhi’s full name was Abu Esa Muhammad al Tirmidhi. He was born in Tirmiz, an old city of Russian Turkistan. According to same sources it is concluded that either he was born blind or lost his eyesight in the old age. To collect Ahadith, he traveled to Iraq, Syria and Khurasan etc. He was having a number of good teacher like Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Abu Daud and Ali Bin Hajr etc. He was having an astonishing power of remembrance. He was also a great Mujtahid, and numbers of students have received Islamic education from him. Although Imam Bukhari was his teacher but he also had two Ahadith from Imam Tirmidhi. His great compilation of Hadith is called as “Jamaie Tirmidhi” which is a very Comprehensive book. Apart from Ahadith, this book deals with several other things related to the science of Hadith ‘Shemael-e-Tirmidhi’ is his another great book and unique of its kind. This book contains only those Ahadith, which are related to the personality of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. His personality, dress, habits, style of walking and talking etc. Besides this he wrote many other books like, Kitab al-Alaal al Saghir. Kitab al- Zahad and Kitab-al-Tarikh etc. He died at Tirmidh. IMAM NISAI (214-303 AH) : His full name was Abu Abdul Rehman Nisai and his father’s name was Shoaib. He was born at Nisa, a place near Khurasan. After receiving his early education he devoted himself for the compilation of Ahadith. In search of Ahadith and related knowledge he traveled Tajikistan, Hejaz, Iraq, and Syria. etc. His great, compilation of Ahadith is called as Sunan Nisai. Exponents of Six Correct Ones In the later years the Sihah al Sittah has become so popular among the Islamic research and scholars that it necessitated the scholars to write its exponents. Hence a nu
        • LailaBanu/Raj, Since we have power problems for the past few days and the Internet gets disconnected over here, I will answer your queer negative statements in brief:
          You said the following and my prompt answers:

          “IT IS CLEAR FROM THIS MUSLIM BLOG, THAT YOU ARE NOT A MUSLIM!” Ans: It IS your opinion and not a fact!

          “YOU ARE AN APOSTATE & CAN BE KILLED BY MUSLIM OR KAFFIR & NOTHING WILL BE DONE ABOUT IT!”. Again an opinion disguised as a threat but NOT a fact!!
          Also, note that there is no penalty of death mentioned in the Quran as it teaches kindness towards others! For instance, these verses condemn it, but its punishment is reserved for divine judgment in the Last Day, Suras 2:217; 3:72, 86-87, 90; 4:137; 5:54; 16:106; 33:14; 47:25-27; 73:11; and 74:11.
          Here you ought to know the difference between a renegade-a person who makes a Treaty and then breaks it meant here for the Mushriks and an apostate-who turns away from a particular belief and then becomes its harshest critic as applied in the Quran! I’m neither of the above!!

          “PLUM IS A DEAD MAN WALKING!”. Ans: Dead don’t walk…. that is a belief like the “creation” of Sir Ganeshbhai, from a sandalwood paste and sticking a dead baby elephant’s head to a non-human torso or Ramayan like bulls from your “esteemed” selves!

          Question regarding the Hadiths. You being an anti-Islamist will not know the difference between Sunnah of the Prophet, which are his deeds that this generation has learnt from the previous generation and that generation from the former over the years that the Prophet himself taught and promulgated to the Muslim Ummah, and on other hand the Hadiths which were the fake narrations attributed to the Prophet by the Persians disguised as the Arabs, just to hinder the progress and the spread of Islam to the Asia Minor….such that there is a vast division in Islam even today viz., Sunnis and the Shias, an enmity so severe to an extent of killing each other rather than holding both to the One Rope of Allah, the Quran!!

          Follow the Messenger means follow the Sunnah of the Prophet, his practical deeds and not some funny stories attributed to him by Bukharibhai and his cronies.

          Think this: Over Arabia was it possible to collect 2000 Hadiths per Day, of searching for the living narrators, in the hot and sandy desert and mountainous area, without the modern technology of mass media and quick transport?? How was that possible for Bukaribhai’s to do that, collecting 600 to 700 thousand Hadiths in a span of just 15 years or so?? These scribes, by sitting in their cosy homes, had “formulated” a way out! You love dwelling on them in defaming Islam as was their intention too. So, that is NOT surprising that you being a staunch critic of Islam supporting those fake stories.

          Islam IS based on the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet and not the Hadiths which means “stories”, as it is not bed-time yet, for your kind attention!!

          Regards

          Plum

    • Come on lailooooo. If Jesus’ birth can take place without father then why MUHAMMAD SAWW cannot travel on Buraaq? In case of Christianity, your common sense allows you to believe in Jesus’ birth from virgin Mary while in case of Islam you become blind. If Krishna’s mother can see the whole universe in Krishna’s mouth then what is the problem with you in case of Islam? It is ALLAH who can do everything. I believe in ALLAH who can give a children to virgin Mary and He can give the journey of Buraaq to Holy Prophet SAWW. In every religion, miracles are very important and it is not essential to prove a miracle scientifically because miracle is miracle. Human knowledge is not enough to open the hidden secrets of ALLAH.
      One person who came to know a bit about nature was Einstein and he had IQ level of 160. Read his article about special relativity(mass and time dilation) in which he says that if one object moves with the speed of spinning of Earth then time dilates for it.
      I give you example, if sunlight moves(apparently, Earth rotates actually) from one place to another in 10 minutes and imagine a person who is also able to move from that initial to final point in 10 minutes then what will be the change of time for him? Nothing, because we have made our time scale with respect to apparent position of sun. In short, when a person moves with the speed of light then time stops for that object. I am not saying that Hazrat Muhammad SAWW moved with the speed of light but I am giving little explanation. Einstein also said that if we suppose this special relativity, event of Buraaq can be right. It was little explanation, not 100% proof because it was miracle.

      • YO QEER,

        ALLAH WAS A FIGMENT OF MOHAMMED’S IMAGINATION! OK?

        THE GOD OF THE BIBLE STATES:

        If you make a vow to the LORD your God, do not be slow to pay it, for the LORD your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin. But if you refrain from making a vow, you will not be guilty. Whatever your lips utter you must be sure to do, because you made your vow freely to the LORD your God with your own mouth. (Deuteronomy 23:21-23)

        When you make a vow to God, do not delay in fulfilling it. He has no pleasure in fools; fulfill your vow. It is better not to vow than to make a vow and not fulfill it. (Ecclesiastes 5:4-5)

        NOW LET US SEE WHAT MOHAMMED’S IMAGINARY FRIENDS SAYS ABOUT OATHS?

        Sura 66

        Sura 66 At-Tahrim (Banning, Prohibition)
        1
        O Prophet! Why holdest thou to be forbidden that which Allah has made lawful to thee? Thou seekest to please thy consorts. But Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
        2
        Allah has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths (in some cases): and Allah is your Protector, and He is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom.
        3
        When the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his consorts, and she then divulged it (to another), and Allah made it known to him, he confirmed part thereof and repudiated a part. Then when he told her thereof, she said, “Who told thee this? “He said, “He told me Who knows and is well-acquainted (with all things).”
        4
        If ye two turn in repentance to Him, your hearts are indeed so inclined; But if ye back up each other against him, truly Allah is his Protector, and Gabriel, and (every) righteous one among those who believe,- and furthermore, the angels – will back (him) up.
        5
        It may be, if he divorced you (all), that Allah will give him in exchange consorts better than you,- who submit (their wills), who believe, who are devout, who turn to Allah in repentance, who worship (in humility), who travel (for Faith) and fast,- previously married or virgins.
        6
        O ye who believe! save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and Stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who flinch not (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do (precisely) what they are commanded.
        7
        (They will say), “O ye Unbelievers! Make no excuses this Day! Ye are being but requited for all that ye did!”
        8
        O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- the Day that Allah will not permit to be humiliated the Prophet and those who believe with him. Their Light will run forward before them and by their right hands, while they say, “Our Lord! Perfect our Light for us, and grant us Forgiveness: for Thou hast power over all things.”
        9
        O Prophet! Strive hard against the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell,- an evil refuge (indeed).
        10
        Allah sets forth, for an example to the Unbelievers, the wife of Noah and the wife of Lut: they were (respectively) under two of our righteous servants, but they were false to their (husbands), and they profited nothing before Allah on their account, but were told: “Enter ye the Fire along with (others) that enter!”
        11
        And Allah sets forth, as an example to those who believe the wife of Pharaoh: Behold she said: “O my Lord! Build for me, in nearness to Thee, a mansion in the Garden, and save me from Pharaoh and his doings, and save me from those that do wrong”;
        12
        And Mary the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity; and We breathed into (her body) of Our spirit; and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of His Revelations, and was one of the devout (servants).

        Introduction

        This is one of the most fascinating Suras in the entire Qur’an. In 12 verses, Muhammad violates a deal that he made with his wives, makes and breaks an oath, and receives a “revelation” from God just in time to get him out of trouble.

        Period of Revelation

        This Sura is considered, by most commentators, as Medinan.

        History

        What is happening in this Sura? Syed Maududi talks around, but does not address, the issues of this Sura in his commentary – and for good reasons! Fortunately, Al-Baizâwi, (Commentary Vol.II, pp. 340-341), gives an explanation of this passage:
        “It is related that Mohammed was alone in company with Mary in Ayshah’s or Hafsah’s turn. Hafsah became aware of that and therefore scolded him about it. He declared he had taken an oath, but admitted his unlawful behaviour, therefore these verses descended.” (“Mizanu’l Haqq, page 330). (The “Mishkat” names Zainab instead of Hafsah – “Mishkat” II, pages 680-681).

        The complete story is told in the Rauzatu’r Safâ , Vol. II, page 188):

        “Mary (the Copt) was a Christian slave given to Mohammed 7 A.H. (628 A.D.) by the Governor of Egypt, Elmokaukas. Her sister, Shereena was also given at the same time. Mohammed became intimate with Mary and she bore him Ibrahim, who died in 10 A.H. The intimacy took place in the home and bed of his wife Hafsah (daughter of Umar) who was absent at that moment and on the day which was either her or Ayshah’s turn. When Hafsah found this out and questioned him he promised (on oath) not to touch Mary again if she would keep this a secret, and promised that Umar and Abu-Bakr should be his successors. Hafsah, however, told Ayshah about this event, and for a full month Mohammed had no dealings with any of his wives, living with Mary alone.” During that period this “revelation” was given. (“Der Koran”, translated by Ludwig Ullman, Footnote 2 of Sura 66:1-2, page 456).

        Another source tells us:

        As she waited for them to come out, her jealousy broke all bounds. When, finally, Mariyah left the quarters and Hafsah entered, she said to the Prophet: “I have seen who was here. By God, that was an insult to me. You would not have dared to do that if I amounted to anything at all in your eyes”. At the moment Muhammad realized that such deep-lying jealousy might even move Hafsah to broadcast what she had seen among the other wives. In an attempt to please her, Muhammad promised that he would not go unto Mariyah if she would only refrain from broadcasting what she had seen. (Haykal, The Life of Muhammad, p. 436).
        Muhammad’s wives had to take revolving “turns” to be with their husband. Muhammad ignored his own system and had sexual relations with Mary the Copt on a day that was either Hafsah’s or Aishah’s “turn”. Hafsah discovered Muhammad’s breach of protocol and became upset. Muhammad promised her that he would not have sexual relations with Mary, probably out of fear that Hafsah would tell his favorite wife, Aishah – whom he married when she was a child of about 9 years of age.

        Hafsah and Aishah were, according to the traditions, often competitors for Muhammad’s attention, and Hafsah told Aishah the entire sordid story. We can only imagine the anger of Aishah and the other wives of Muhammad. In retaliation, Muhammad boycotted the other wives, in respect to his sexual relations with them, and co-habitated exclusively with Mary. After one month, we are told by the traditions and the Qur’an that Almighty God intervened on Muhammad’s behalf.
        If we believe the testimony of the Qur’an, God tells Muhammad that it is acceptable for him to break his own oaths! Imagine Almighty God promoting and commending a breach of an oath made by Muhammad, especially under such circumstances as the satiation of Muhammad’s carnal desires!

        But wait, things become much worse! God warns Muhammad’s wives against conspiring against the “Prophet”. If they do not heed this warning, they will face Almighty God, the Archangel Gabriel and all of the angels, as well as all of the righteous. What chance would these poor women have against such opposition?
        Another threat against the wives of Muhammad is that Almighty God, in complete disregard to His revelations in earlier scriptures against divorce, will permit Muhammad to divorce his wives AND find prettier wives for him! But the intimidation does not end with the threats of divorce! God threatens the wives of Muhammad AND their families with the eternal fires of Hell! After Muhammad’s lies and betrayal, his wives are commanded to repent (for what I am honestly not sure) and Muhammad is exhorted to fight against the unbelievers. We are told that Almighty God then gave the wives of Muhammad “positive role models” of female behavior, including Mary the mother of Jesus who is incorrectly called the daughter of Imran! But who cares about the details at a time like this?

        Theology

        Breaking Oaths

        In the Old and New Testaments, God said that the making and taking of oaths was a very serious matter and was not to be entered into lightly. However, if we believe the Qur’an, God allowed Muhammad to break his own oaths for his own convenience to satisfy his own desires! Why would God change his eternal will and his eternal word to fulfill the desires of one man?

        The Issue of Almighty God Interfering with Muhammad’s Domestic Problems
        Another difficulty with this Sura is the fact that God rushes head on into Muhammad’s domestic disputes in order to intervene on Muhammad’s behalf! If we believe the Muslim argument that the Qur’an is the eternal, uncreated word of Almighty God, then why would God record these threats for all of eternity? What moral lesson are we to learn from all of this? Clearly these “revelations” were “received” by Muhammad so that he could excuse himself from the consequences of his own moral weaknesses. I can understand why the people in Muhammad’s day accepted this nonsense without question – they feared for their lives. I cannot understand why people accept such hypocrisy today as the alleged words of an Almighty and All-Righteous God!

        • hahaha do not be personal in writing such posts. I have no spurious time to read your posts of 100km length. Give logic in 4,5 lines and I will give you answer.

  4. I am much surprised to see these posts. Brother! I live in Pakistan. I’ve not listened about such tragedy. How do you find such fairy tales? Please tell me the art of writing stories.

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