Tunisia: Free Blogger Jailed for Mocking Islam

jail[Human Rights Watch] Tunisian authorities should mark the celebration of the country’s new constitution on February 7, 2014, by immediately quashing the sentences of anyone convicted under laws that violate human rights, Human Rights Watch said today. One of these is Jaber Mejri, a blogger imprisoned since 2012 for publishing caricatures deemed insulting to Islam. Many foreign heads of state and officials, including the President François Hollande of France, will attend the ceremony.

On March 28, 2012, the First Instance Criminal Court of Mahdia sentenced Mejri and another blogger, Ghazi Beji, to seven-and-half years in prison for harming “public order or good morals” and “insulting others through public communication networks.” Beji fled and became the first Tunisian to gain political asylum in France since the 2011 revolution. Mejri is in Mahdia prison. The courts of appeal and cassation confirmed the lower court ruling. President Moncef Marzouki has the authority to pardon Mejri and should, Human Rights Watch said.

“Tunisia’s new constitution has bold protections for freedom of speech and freedom of conscience,” said Eric Goldstein, deputy Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “Mejri’s sentence violates his freedom of speech, and the government should celebrate the new day in Tunisia by freeing him.”

Mejri wrote satirically about Islam and the Prophet Muhammad and reprinted crude caricatures of the prophet from an essay by Beji.

The new constitution has a provision that makes the state “the protector of religion” and requires it to prohibit “offenses to the sacred.” However, Tunisia should not negate the clear right in article 31 to “freedom of opinion, thought, expression, information and publication.” Article 49 states that authorities may restrict public freedoms only if those restrictions are allowed by law and are “necessary to a civil and democratic state and with the aim of protecting the rights of others, or based on the requirements of public order, national defense, public health or public morals, and provided there is proportionality between these restrictions and the objective sought.”

The United Nations Human Rights Committee considers it a violation of the right to freedom of expression, under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, when countries impose “prohibitions of demonstrations of lack of respect for a religion or other system of belief, including blasphemy laws.”

Marzouki, speaking during a conference organized by the Council on Foreign Relations in New York in September 2013, appeared to imply Mejri’s imprisonment was for his own safety because of a violent response to the blogs by Islamic extremists and that he would free Merji when the situation cooled down. “Now be sure that I’m just waiting… for the political good moment,” Marzouki said.

Tunisia’s interim governing authorities made important strides toward the consolidation of human rights since the overthrow of President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, through a constitutional drafting process that culminated in the adoption of the constitution on January 26. They have repealed repressive laws on associations, political parties, and the press. However, they have yet to modify the penal code provisions that provide prison terms for defamation and such vaguely worded offenses as harming “public morals” and “public order.” and have continued to apply these provisions to prosecute speech considered objectionable. Courts have applied these provisions to convict people who spoke out on religious or politically issues peacefully.

“In congratulating Tunisians on their constitution, leaders of other countries at the ceremony should urge authorities to release people such as Mejri, whose conviction seems to contradict the rights enshrined in the new constitution,” Goldstein said.

2 thoughts on “Tunisia: Free Blogger Jailed for Mocking Islam



    The oppression against Al-Zahra, and the killing of Al-Zahra in that monstrous way by Omar…are there any sources in their (Sunni) books that mention this incident, even indirectly???

    The sources that speak about the oppression of the Greatest Truthful Lady, Her Father’s Mother, Fatima al-Zahra (may Allah’s blessings be upon her), are more than to be counted. Here are some of them:

    • What has been narrated by Al-Shahrastani of Ibrahim, son of Sayyar al-Mu’tazili al-Nazzam, who said: «Omar hit Fatima on the day of the pledge of allegiance to such a degree that she lost the fetus in her stomach, and he used to cry out: “Burn her house along with those inside!” None were inside the house but Ali, and Fatima, and Hassan, and Hussain.» [1]

    This was also narrated by Al-Safadi on behalf of Al-Nazzam, with the following phrase: «Omar hit the stomach of Fatima on the day of the pledge of allegiance to such a degree that she lost Al-Muhassin.» [2]

    • What has been narrated of Al-Baladhiri, of Sulayman al-Taymi, and of Abdullah, son of ‘Awn – both of these are trusted by the Bakris – who both said: «Abu Bakr sent (a message) to Ali that he wanted for him to pledge allegiance, and he did not pledge allegiance to him. Thereupon, Omar came and brought a lamp with him. Fatima then approached him at the door, and Fatima said: “O son of Al-Khattab! Are you going to burn my door?” He said: “Yes.”» [3]

    • What has been narrated of Ibn Abd Rabbah – who is regarded as one of their approved and virtuous personalities – who said the following regarding those who failed to pledge allegiance to Abu Bakr (may Allah curse him): «They were Ali, and Abbas, and Zubayr, and Saad, son of Ubada. As for Ali, and Abbas, and Zubayr, they were sitting in the house of Fatima till Abu Bakr sent Omar, son of al-Khattab, to force them out of Fatima’s house, and he told him: “If they refuse, then fight them!” Then he approached them with a piece of burning wood in order to set their house on fire. Fatima approached him and said: “O son of Al-Khattab! Have you come to burn our house?” He said: “Yes, or you will enter that which the nation has entered (the allegiance of Abu Bakr).”» [4]

    • What has been narrated of Ibn Qutayba al-Daynouri – who is regarded by them as “Al-Sadouq” (the excessively truthful man), as Ibn Hajar described him – who said: «Abu Bakr was missing a people who failed to pledge allegiance to him who were at the place of Ali (may Allah dignify his face). So he sent Omar to them, who then came and called for them while they were in the house of Ali, and they refused to go ut. So he called for wood, and he said: “By Him whom in His Hands is the self of Omar, you will go out or I will burn it on those who are inside it!” Then it was said to him: “O Aba-Hafs! Fatima is in it!” He said: “And so what?!” So they went out and all pledged allegiance, except for Ali, for it is claimed that he said: “I have sworn to not go out, nor place my robe on my shoulders until I collect the Qur’an.” Thereupon, Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) stood at her door and said: “I have never seen a people that have approached us in a worse way than you! You left the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s blessings be upon him) a corpse between our hands and you agreed between yourselves to neither obey us nor return our right!”

    Thereupon, Omar went to Abu Bakr, and he said to him: “Will you not take this man who has failed to pledge allegiance to you?” Then Abu Bakr said to Qunfudh, who was a servant to him: “Go and call Ali to me.” So he went to Ali, and he (Ali) said to him: “What is your desire?” Then he said: “The successor of Allah’s Messengers calls for you.” Then Ali said: “How quick are you to lie about Allah’s Messenger!” So he returned and delivered the message. Thereupon, Abu Bakr cried for a long time. Then Omar said: “Do not act slowly for this man who failed to pledge allegiance to you.” Then Abu Bakr said to Qunfudh: “Return to him and say to him: ‘The successor of Allah’s Messenger calls for you to pledge allegiance.'” Qunfudh came to him and did what he was asked. Ali raised his voice and said: “Glory be to Allah! He claims something that is not for him!” Qunfudh returned and delivered the message. Thereupon, Abu Bakr cried for a long time. Then Omar stood up and a group of people walked with him till they reached the door of Fatima, and they knocked the door. When she heared their voices, the shouted with her loudest voice: “O my father, O Allah’s Messenger! What have we faced after you from the son of Al-Khattab and the son of Abi-Quhafa!”» [5]

    • What has been narrated of Al-Juwayni in his chain of narrators of Ibn Abbas, of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s blessings be upon him and his family) who foretold what will happen to his daughter, Al-Zahra (may Allah’s blessings be upon her). He said: «And when I saw her, I remembered what will happen to her after me as if I was her and humiliation entered her house, and her sanctity was violated, and her right was usurped, and she was prevented from her inheritance, and her side-rib was broken, and she lost her unborn child, and she was screaming: “O Mohammadah! And she was not answered! And she asks for help but is not helped! And she will remain, after me, sorrowful, and grieved, and crying.”» [6]

    • What has been narrated of Al-Suyuti in regards of Abu Bakr’s (may Allah curse him) regret for his attack on the house of Al-Zahra al-Batoul (may Allah’s blessings be upon her), in which he said: «I wish that I had not revealed the house of Fatima, and that I had rather left it, even if it would have remained closed for a war!”» [7]
    May Allah prescribe to you all that is good in this world and the Hereafter.
    The 24th of Sha’ban, year 1426.
    [1] Al-Milal wal-Nihal, by Al-Shahrastani, volume 1, page 57
    [2] Al-Wafi bil-Wafiyat, by Al-Safadi, volume 6, page 17
    [3] Ansaab-ul-Ashraf, by Al-Baladhiri Ahmad, son of Yahya, son of Jabir al-Baghdadi, volume 1, page 586
    [4] Al-Aqd al-Fareed, by Ibn Abd Rabbah al-Andalusi, volume 5, page 13
    [5] Al-Imama wal-Siyasa, by Ibn Qutayba, page 12
    [6] Fara’id al-Simtayn, by Al-Juwayni al-Shafi’i, volume 2, page 34
    [7] Musnad Fatima, by Al-Suyuti, page 34. The same report of Abu Bakr was also narrated of Al-Tabarani in Al-Mu’jam-ul-Kabeer, volume 1, page 62, and Al-Tabari in his history book, volume 3, page 430, and Ibn Abd Rabbah in Al-Aqd al-Fareed, volume 2, page 254, and many others.

    Published on Books on Islam and Muslims | Al-Islam.org (http://www.al-islam.org)
    Home > A Shi’ite Encyclopedia > Attacking the House of Fatimah (sa) > Appendix
    Attacking the House of Fatimah (sa)
    بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

    A Sunni Brother mentioned that the Caliphate of Abu Bakr is the Consensus of scholars (Ijma’). It is incumbent upon Muslims to accept the Ijma’. First I would like to point out that we also believe that Ijma’a is binding. But, my brother, how can Sunni scholars make Ijma’a on something that the Prophet and some of his companions opposed it?

    This opposition is a clear evidence to the fact that there is no Ijma’a in that very matter. As for the Prophet (S), I mentioned the authentic Sunni traditions in the previous articles where he gave Imam ‘Ali the position that Haroon had to Moses. That position is explained in Qur’an whose verses I mentioned. The verses show that:

    1-Allah is the one who appoints the Caliph.

    2-The verse also uses the word “Ukhlofni” which is exactly the verb form of Khalif.
    Moreover, I reproduced the historical reports documented by the Sunni scholars concerning the fact that the Messenger of Allah unequivocally announced Imam ‘Ali (as) as his successor in his first open sermon. I also mentioned the authentic and frequent tradition of Ghadir Khum where the Prophet declared the leadership of Imam ‘Ali (as) officially.

    Now, my brother, how can Ijma’a exist on this important issue when the Messenger of Allah opposes it? This is enough for us to close the issue of Ijma’a on this subject. However let us, now, go a little further: Even the companions did not all agree that all these four individuals are the legitimate successors of the Prophet (S).

    Muslims agree that the caliphate of Abu Bakr came through election by a limited number of people and was a surprise for all other companions. By limited, I mean, a majority of the prominent companions of prophet had no knowledge of this election. ‘Ali, Ibn Abbas, Uthman, Talha, Zubair, Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas, Salman al- Farsi, Abu Dharr, Ammar Ibn Yasir, Miqdad, Abdurrahman Ibn Owf were among those who were not consulted or even informed of. Even Umar confessed to the fact that the election of Abu Bakr was without consultation of Muslims.
    (See sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v8, Tradition #817)

    My dear brother, we can not close our eyes to the undeniable facts documented even by the Sunni scholars, and yet claim to have Ijma’a. After the demise of the Prophet (S), those who heed what the Messenger of Allah ordered them such as Ammar Ibn Yasir, Abu-Dhar al-Ghafari, Miqdad, Salman al-Farsi, Ibn Abbas, and others such as al-Abbas, Utbah Ibn Abi Lahab, Bara Ibn Azib, Ubay Ibn Ka’b, Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas … etc., all gathered in the house of Fatimah (sa). Even Talha and al-Zubair were loyal to Imam ‘Ali at the beginning and joint the others in the house of Fatimah (sa).
    They assembled in the house of Fatimah as a place of refuge since they were opposing the majority of people. According to the authentic traditions in Sahih al-Bukhari, Umar confessed that the Imam ‘Ali (as) and his followers opposed Abu Bakr.
    Al-Bukhari narrated:
    Umar said: “And no doubt after the death of the Prophet we were informed that the Ansar disagreed with us and gathered in the shed of Bani Sa’da. ‘‘Ali and Zubair and whoever was with them, opposed us, while the emigrants gathered with Abu Bakr.”
    Sunni Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v8, Tradition #817
    Other Sunni traditionalists narrated that on the day of Saqifah:
    Umar said: “‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Zubair Ibn Awwam and those who were with them separated from us (and gathered) in the house of Fatimah, daughter of the messenger of Allah.”

    Sunni References:
    – Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v1, p55
    – Sirah al-Nabawiyyah, by Ibn Hisham, v4, p309
    – History of Tabari (Arabic), v1, p1822
    – History of Tabari, English version, v9, p192

    Also: demanded confirmation of the oath, but ‘Ali and al-Zubair stayed away. Al-Zubair drew his sword (from the scabbard), saying,
    “I will not put it back until the oath of allegiance is rendered to ‘Ali.”
    When this news reached Abu Bakr and Umar, the latter said,
    “Hit him with a stone and seize the sword.”
    It is stated that Umar rushed (to the door of the House of Fatimah) and brought them forcibly while telling them that they must give their oath of allegiance willingly or unwillingly.
    Sunni reference: History of al-Tabari, English version, v9, pp 188-189
    Dear brother, let’s just think a little!
    What kind of election was that?!
    Election implies choice and freedom, and that every Muslim has the right to elect the nominee. Whoever refuses to elect him does not oppose God or His Messenger because neither God nor His Messenger appointed the nominated person by people.
    Election, by its nature, does not compel any Muslim to elect a specific nominee. Otherwise, the election would be coercion. This means that the election would lose its own nature and it would be a dictatorial operation. It is well known that the Prophet said:
    “There is no validity for any allegiance given by force.”
    Now let us see what Umar did on those days. Sunni historians reported that:
    When Umar came to the door of the house of Fatimah, he said:
    “By Allah, I shall burn down (the house) over you unless you come out and give the oath of allegiance (to Abu Bakr).”

    Sunni References:
    – History of Tabari (Arabic), v1, pp 1118-1120
    – History of Ibn Athir, v2, p325
    – al-Isti’ab, by Ibn Abd al-Barr, v3, p975
    – Tarikh al-Kulafa, by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, p20
    – al-Imamah wal-Siyasah, by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, pp 19-20

    Umar Ibn al-Khattab came to the house of ‘Ali. Talha and Zubair and some of the immigrants were also in the house.

    Umar cried out:

    “By God, either you come out to render the oath of allegiance, or I will set the house on fire.”

    al-Zubair came out with his sword drawn. As he stumbled (upon something), the sword fell from his hand so they jumped over him and seized him.”
    Sunni Reference: History of Tabari, English version, v9, pp 186-187

    In the footnotes of the same page (p187) in the English version of the History of al-Tabari the translator has commented:

    Although the timing is not clear, it seems that ‘Ali and his group came to know about Saqifa after what had happened there. At this point, his supporters gathered in Fatimah’s house. Abu Bakr and Umar, fully aware of ‘Ali’s claims and fearing a serious threat from his supporters, summoned him to the mosque to swear the oath of allegiance. ‘Ali refused, and so the house was surrounded by an armed band led by Abu Bakr and Umar, who threatened to set it on fire if ‘Ali and his supporters refused to come out and swear allegiance to Abu Bakr. The scene grew violent and Fatimah was furious. (See Ansab Ashraf, by al-Baladhuri in his , v1, pp 582-586; Tarikh Ya’qubi, v2, p116; al-Imamah wal-Siyasah, by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, pp 19-20).

    Abu Bakr said on the authority of an authentic report that, after the demise of the holy Prophet when the people had paid fealty to him, ‘Ali and Zubair used to go to Fatimah al-Zahra (sa), daughter of the Prophet, for consultation. When this fact was known to Umar, he went to Fatimah and said:

    “O’ daughter of the Prophet! I didn’t love anyone as much as I loved your father, nor anyone after him is more loving to me as you are. But I swear by Allah that if these people assemble here with you, then this love of mine would not prevent me from setting your house on fire.”

    Sunni references:
    – History of Tabari, in the events of the year 11 AH
    – al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, beginning of the book, and pp 19-20
    – Izalatul Khilafa, by Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlavi, v2, p362
    – Iqd al-Farid, by Ibn Abd Rabbah al-Malik, v2, chapter of Saqifah

    Also it is reported that:
    Umar said to Fatimah (who was behind the door of her house):
    “I know that the Prophet of God did not love any one more than you, but this will not stop me to carry out my decision. If these people stay in your house, I will burn the door in front of you.”

    Sunni reference: Kanz al-Ummal, v3, p140

    In fact Shibli Numani himself testifies the above event in the following words:
    “From Umar’s irritable and peevish temperament such an action on his part was not improbable.”

    Sunni reference: al-Faruq, by Shibli Numani, p44

    It is also reported that:
    Abu Bakr said (on his death bed):
    “I wish I had not searched for Fatimah’s house, and had not sent men to harass her, though it would have caused a war if her house would have continued to be used as a shelter.”

    Sunni references:
    – History of Ya’qubi, v2, pp 115-116
    – Ansab Ashraf, by al-Baladhuri, v1, pp 582,586
    The historian named the following people among those who attacked the house of Fatimah to disperse people who sheltered there:
    – Umar Ibn al-Khattab
    – Khalid Ibn Walid
    – Abdurrahman Ibn Ouf
    – Thabit Ibn Shammas
    – Ziad Ibn Labid
    – Muhammad Ibn Maslamah
    – Salamah Ibn Salem Ibn Waqash
    – Salamah Ibn Aslam
    – Usaid Ibn Hozair
    – Zaid Ibn Thabit

    The revered Sunni scholar, Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Muslim Ibn Qutaybah Daynuri in his history of Caliphs known as “al-Imamah wa al- Siyasah”reported:

    Umar asked for wood, and told those people inside the house:
    “I swear by Allah who has my soul in his hand, that if you do not come out, I will burn the house.”
    Someone told Umar that Fatimah was inside the house.
    Umar said:
    “So what! It doesn’t matter to me who is in the house.”
    Sunni reference: al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, pp 3,19-20
    Another Sunni historian, al-Baladhuri, reported that:
    Abu Bakr asked ‘Ali to support him, but ‘Ali refused, then Umar went toward the ‘Ali’s house with a burning torch. At the door he met Fatimah who said to him:
    “Do you intend to burn the door of my house?”
    Umar said:
    “Yes, because this act will strengthen the faith brought to us by your father.”

    Sunni reference: al-Ansab Ashraf, by al-Baladhuri, v1, pp 582,586

    Also Jouhari in his book said:

    “Umar and a few Muslims went to the house of Fatimah to burn it down and to burn those who were in opposition.”
    Ibn Shahna said the same statement adding
    “to burn the house and inhabitants”.

    Furthermore, it is reported that:

    ‘Ali and Abbas were sitting inside the house of Fatimah, Abu Bakr told Umar:
    “Go and bring them; if they refuse, kill them.”
    Umar brought fire to burn the house. Fatimah came near the door and said:
    “O son of Khattab, have you come to burn our house on me and my children?”
    Umar replied:
    “Yes I will, by Allah, until they come out and pay allegiance to the Prophet’s Caliph.”

    Sunni reference:
    – Iqd al-Fareed, by Ibn Abd Rabb, Part 3, Pg. 63
    – al-Ghurar, by Ibn Khazaben, related from Zayd Ibn Aslam

    Everybody came out of the house except Imam ‘Ali (as), who said:

    “I have sworn to remain home until I collect the Qur’an.”
    Umar refused but Lady Fatimah’s remonstration caused him to return. He instigated Abu Bakr to pursue the matter, and he send Qunfuz (his slave) several times but received a negative reply each time.
    Ultimately, Umar went with a group of people to the Fatimah’s house. When she heard their voice, she criedloudly;
    “O father, O Messenger of Allah, how are Umar Ibn al-Khattab and Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Quhafah treating us after you and how do they meet us.”
    The Sunni scholars, Ahmad Ibn Abdul Aziz al-Jawhari in his book ‘Saqifah’, Abu Waleed Muhibbuddin Muhammad al-Shahnah al-Hanafi in his book ‘Rawdhat al-Manadhir Fi Akhbaar al-Awayil wal-Aawaakhir’, Ibn Abil Hadid in his book ‘Sharh al-Nahj’, and others have reported the events to the same effect.
    Also refer to the esteemed Sunni historian Abul Hasan, ‘Ali Ibn al-Husayn al-Mas’udi who in his book ‘Isbaat al-Wasiyyah’ describes the events in detail and reports that:
    “They surrounded ‘Ali (as) and burned the door of his house and pulled him out against his will and pressed the leader of all women (Hadhrat Fatimah (sa)) between the door and the wall killing Mohsin (the male-child she was carrying in her womb for six months).”
    Salahuddin Khalil al-Safadi another Sunni scholar in his book ‘Waafi al- Wafiyyaat’ under the letter ‘A’ while recording the view of Ibrahim Ibn Sayyar Ibn Hani al-Basri, well-known as Nidhaam quotes him to have said:
    “On the day of ‘Bay’aat’ (paying allegiance), Umar hit Fatimah (sa) on the stomach such that child in her womb died.”
    Why do you think an 18 year old young lady was forced to walk with the help of a walking-stick? Unbelievable acts of cruelty and oppression had led Hadhrat Fatimah al-Zahra (sa) to lament:
    “Such calamities have visited me that had they descended on the day it would have darkened it.”
    She fell into bed till she was martyred as a result of these calamities and injuries while she was just eighteen years old!

    During her last days, when Abu Bakr and Umar sought the mediation of Imam ‘Ali (as) to visit the ailing Hadhrat Fatimah (sa), as quoted by Ibn Qutaybah, she turned her face to the wall when they greeted her and in response to their plea for appeasement reminded them of the prophetic declaration that one who displeases Fatimah (sa) has displeased the Prophet and finally said:
    “I take Allah and the angels to be my witness that you have not pleased me; on the other hand, you have angered me. When I shall meet the Prophet (S) I will complain about you two.”

    (al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah, by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, p14).

    For the same reason, she willed that those who have hurt her should not participate in her funeral rites and that she be buried at night. al- Bukhari in his Sahih attests to this fact that Imam ‘Ali (as) complied with the will of Lady Fatimah (sa). al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Aisha that:
    … Fatimah became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not talk to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband ‘‘Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.

    Sunni references:
    – Sahih al-Bukhari, Chapter of “The battle of Khaibar”, Arabic-English, v5, tradition #546, pp 381-383, also v4, Tradition #325

    Howsoever they tried, people failed to locate her grave. It was known only to a handful of Imam ‘Ali (as)’s family members. And to this date, the grave of the daughter of prophet is unknown which is another sign of her unhappiness from some of the companions.

    The Opinion of the Prophet About Who Hurts Fatimah

    The Messenger of Allah (S) had frequently said:
    “Fatimah is a part of me. Whoever makes her angry makes me angry.”
    Sunni references:
    – Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v5, Traditions #61 and #111
    – Sahih Muslim, section of virtues of Fatimah, v4, pp 1904-5

    According to al-Bukhari and Muslim, the Messenger of Allah has testified that Fatimah is the best of the ladies of the worlds:

    Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 4.819
    Narrated ‘Aisha:
    The Messenger of Allah said to Fatimah (who was crying at her father’s deathbed):
    “Are you not satisfied that you are the chief of all the ladies of Paradise or the chief of all the believing women?”
    أما ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء أهل الجنة أو نساء المؤمنين؟

    Furthermore, Ibn Abbas (ra) narrated:

    The Messenger of Allah (S) said: Four women are the mistress of the worlds: Mary, Asiya (the wife of Pharaoh), Khadija, and Fatimah. And the most excellent one among them in the world is Fatimah.”

    Sunni references: Ibn Asakir, as quoted in Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor

    Allah, Exalted He is, said in Qur’an:
    “(O Prophet) tell (people) I don’t ask you any wage except to love my family.”(Qur’an 42:23).

    He also said:
    “(O Prophet) tell (people) whatever I asked as wage (in return or my prophethood) is in the benefit of you (people).”(Qur’an 34:47).

    The above two verses of Holy Qur’an explicitly indicate that the Prophet, with the order of Allah, has asked people to love his family as a command. Moreover loving them is in our benefit since “true love” requires to follow and obey the purified members of his family who carry his true Sunnah. It is unfortunate that those who claimed to be his sincere companions inflicted such horrible pains to his family while a week had not been passed since the death of the Prophet (S). Is this the love, Allah ordered for the family of prophet?!

    From: IN%”ashah@bass.gmu.EDU [1]”25-NOV-1992 18:59:27.59
    Subj: In remembrance of Hadhrat Fatimah al-Zahra (sa)

    The Muslims have been deeply pained.
    Their beloved prophet has passed away.
    And especially for his kith and kin,
    it is one of their lives saddest day.
    A lady who happens to be his daughter,
    above all is the most afflicted one.
    She was the nearest to her father.
    Alas her troubles have just begun.
    What in the Prophet’s eyes was her status,
    unfortunately the people shall forget.
    She should be respected by all of us.
    But a harsh treatment, she’ll be met.
    Everyone had heard her father say,
    “My daughter is a part of me”.
    For her safety he would often pray;
    Not wanting her to bear any agony.
    But his words fell on deaf ears.
    His followers were lead astray.
    So, were realized those worst fears,
    and his tidings were disobeyed.
    Each forthcoming day brings her sorrow
    and only a few more months she’ll live.
    Each night she worries about her woes.
    Her tormentors, she may not forgive.
    In her last days, she is seen weeping.
    Awake all night, she seldom sleeps.
    Of her troubles, she keeps thinking.
    The wounds in her heart are so deep.
    The thoughts of her father alone
    cause tears from her eyes to flow
    and what will happen to her children?
    What fate do they have in stow?
    “Be kind to them and take care”,
    she wills about her poor children,
    because she’ll be no longer near
    and they’ll soon be orphans.
    As she spends the time crying,
    her neighbours come and complain.
    But look! She is already dying.
    Their complaint will be in vain.
    And that dark moment finally comes,
    for her heavenly abode, she departs.
    Holding back their tears, her children,
    see their baba, who, with a heavy heart,
    hands trembling and with great anguish
    takes away her coffin during the night.
    He makes sure to fulfill her last wish.
    She will rest, out of everyone’s sight.
    Has gone from this world forever,
    the mother of children so brave!
    But why was she buried in a manner
    that no one knows, where is her grave?
    ‘Ali Rizwan Shah,
    14th Jamadiul Awwal, 1413 A.H.
    ashah@bass.gmu.edu [2]

    But also they cut all the financial resources of Ahlul-Bayt in order to crush the opposition. In Sahih al-Bukhari the following has also been narrated by Aisha:
    Fatimah the daughter of the Prophet sent someone to Abu Bakr (when he was a caliph), asking for her inheritance of what Allah’s Apostle had left of the property bestowed on him by Allah from the Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting) in Medina, and Fadak, and what remained of the Khumus of the Khaibar booty. …but Abu Bakr refused to give anything of that to Fatimah. So she became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not task to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband ‘‘Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.

    Sunni References:
    – Sahih al-Bukhari, Chapter of “The battle of Khaibar”, Arabic-English, v5, tradition #546, pp 381-383, also v4, Tradition #325
    (Please see the appendix for the whole tradition.)

    Now either Fatimah was liar or Abu Bakr treated her unjustly. If she was liar, then she did not deserve such a saying from the Prophet that Fatimah is a part of me and whoever angers her, angers me. This in itself is a clear indication of her infallibility. The purification sentence of the Holy Qur’an (the last sentence of verse 33:33) is another indication of her infallibility, as Aisha herself testified (See Sahih Muslim, 1980 Edition, Arabic, v4, p1883, Tradition #61). Hence there is nothing left for the sensible people but to accept the fact that she was unjustly treated, and that she was easy to be branded as a liar by Umar who was willing to let her burn unless the remaining people in her house come out to vote for Abu Bakr.

    So logical conclusion from the above traditions in Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim is that Fatimah was treated unjustly, and that she was angry at Abu Bakr and Umar, which follows Allah and his prophet are angry at them according the above tradition in Sahih al-Bukhari. The excuse that Abu Bakr used to refuse to pay the right of Fatimah (see Appendix) was against the text of Qur’an. How can he be the executor of prophet while he does not obey the clear text of Qur’an? Abu Bakr claimed that prophet has said:
    “We prophets do not leave any inheritance, and whatever we leave should go to charity.”
    This is false allegation that he has made up, because prophet can not contradict Qur’an which in two verses testifies that prophets had heir, and their children inherited from them.

    Allah says in Qur’an:

    “And Solomon (Sulaymaan) inherited from David.”(Qur’an 27:16)
    While both Sulaymaan and David were prophets and very wealthy. They were kings of their times. Allah , Exalted, also says:
    “(Zakariya prayed to Allah by saying)… Grant me a son from yourself, who inherits from me and inherit from the children of Jacob, and make him, O’ my Lord, the one with whom you are well-pleased.”(Qur’an 19:5-6).

    These are examples that prophets left inheritance. In fact, Fatimah (sa) mentioned these verses as her proof for her right, but Abu Bakr refused due to the suggestion of Umar, and they intentionally went against the clear text of Qur’an.

    Historical facts testifie that prophet even had already transferred Fadak (Which was a big and rich piece of land in Hijaz) to Fatimah and it was the property of Fatimah long before the demise of the Prophet. As such, even it was not even the matter of inheritance as claimed by Abu Bakr. The reason that the Prophet had transferred Fadak to Fatimah was to provide financial resources for the followers of Ahlul-Bayt.

    But after the Prophet passed away, Abu Bakr and Umar dismissed the managers of that land (who were assigned by Fatimah in the life time of his father), and confiscated that land and other properties of Ahlul-Bayt. The reason is very simple: They knew that if this rich property remains in the hand of Imam ‘Ali and Fatimah, peace be upon them, they will spend its revenues to their followers and this would give strength to the rival party and endangers their position. Abu Bakr and Umar realized the fact that in order to control the oppositions, it is necessary to remove all the funding abilities first.

    Thus the problem was not a simple financial problem. It was absolutely political in nature. The quarrel Fatimah (sa) was not for the pleasure of this world. History testifies that Imam ‘Ali and Fatimah have had a very simple life during the life time of prophet as well as thereafter. It is well known that verses (76:8-9) of the holy Qur’an was revealed for them when for 3 consecutive days, they gave their meal to needy people at the time of IFTAR, when they were going to break their fast, and there was noting left for them and their children to eat for three consecutive days.

    So such pious people do not struggle or GET ANGRY because of such worldly things. THAT IS WHY ANGER OF FATIMAH IS ANGER OF PROPHET. They were, in fact, struggling for the sake of Allah and for spending their legitimate properties for His Right Path and its followers.

    At the time of Harun al-Rashid (one of the Abbasid Tyrants) the Islamic country was in its biggest extent. It was extended from Afghanistan and central Asia to the North Africa. So it was not important for government to give up a piece of land. Moreover, by returning it they could make propaganda for their interest. According to some reports, Harun told to Imam Musa al-Kadhim (the 7th Imam of the Ahlul-Bayt):
    “Let us know the location of the land of Fadak so that I could return it to you.”
    The Imam (as) replied:
    “I would accept it only in its entirety.”
    Harun said:
    “Specify its boundaries then.”
    The Imam (as) said:
    “If I specify its borders, you will not return it.”
    Harun said:
    “I swear in the name of your grandfather that I shall return it.”
    At this time, the Imam (as) said:
    “It extends from one side to Aden (Southern part of Arabian Peninsula), and from one side to Samarqand (Afghanistan), and from one side to Armenia (south of Russia) and from one side to Egypt in Africa.”
    The face of Harun turned red and said:
    “This does not leave anything for us.”
    The Imam (as) replied:
    “I told you that you will not return it if I specify its limits!”(al-Bihar, v48, p144, Hadith #20).


    Here is the whole tradition which was referred above:

    Sahih Bukhari Hadith: 5.546
    Narrated ‘Aisha:
    Fatimah the daughter of the Prophet sent someone to Abu Bakr (when he was a caliph), asking for her inheritance of what Allah’s Apostle had left of the property bestowed on him by Allah from the Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting) in Medina, and Fadak, and what remained of the Khumus of the Khaibar booty. On that, Abu Bakr said,
    “Allah’s Apostle said, “Our property is not inherited. Whatever we leave, is Sadaqa, but the family of (the Prophet) Muhammad can eat of this property.’ By Allah, I will not make any change in the state of the Sadaqa of Allah’s Apostle and will leave it as it was during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle, and will dispose of it as Allah’s Apostle used to do.”
    So Abu Bakr refused to give anything of that to Fatimah. So she became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not talk to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband ‘‘Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.
    When Fatimah was alive, the people used to respect ‘‘Ali much, but after her death, ‘‘Ali noticed a change in the people’s attitude towards him. So ‘Ali sought reconciliation with Abu Bakr and gave him an oath of allegiance. ‘Ali had not given the oath of allegiance during those months (i.e. the period between the Prophet’s death and Fatimah’s death).
    ‘‘Ali sent someone to Abu Bakr saying, “Come to us, but let nobody come with you,” as he disliked that ‘Umar should come.
    ‘Umar said (to Abu Bakr), “No, by Allah, you shall not enter upon them alone.”
    Abu Bakr said,
    “What do you think they will do to me? By Allah, I will go to them’
    Abu Bakr entered upon them, and then ‘‘Ali uttered Tashah-hud and said (to Abu Bakr),
    “We know well your superiority and what Allah has given you, and we are not jealous of the good what Allah has bestowed upon you, but you did not consult us in the question of the rule and we thought that we have got a right in it because of our near relationship to Allah’s Apostle .”
    Thereupon Abu Bakr’s eyes flowed with tears. And when Abu Bakr spoke, he said,
    “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is to keep good relations with the relatives of Allah’s Apostle is dearer to me than to keep good relations with my own relatives. But as for the trouble which arose between me and you about his property, I will do my best to spend it according to what is good, and will not leave any rule or regulation which I saw Allah’s Apostle following, in disposing of it, but I will follow.”
    On that ‘‘Ali said to Abu Bakr,
    “I promise to give you the oath of allegiance in this after noon.”
    So when Abu Bakr had offered the Zuhr prayer, he ascended the pulpit and uttered the Tashah-hud and then mentioned the story of

    ‘‘Ali and his failure to give the oath of allegiance, and excused him, accepting what excuses he had offered; Then ‘‘Ali (got up) and praying (to Allah) forgiveness, he uttered Tashah-hud, praised Abu Bakr’s right, and said, that he had not done what he had done because of jealousy of Abu Bakr or as a protest of that Allah had favored him with. ‘‘Ali added, “But we used to consider that we too had some right in this affair (of rulership) and that he (i.e. Abu Bakr) did not consult us in this matter, and therefore caused us to feel sorry.”

    On that all the Muslims became happy and said, “You have done the right thing.”
    The Muslims then became friendly with ‘‘Ali as he returned to what the people had done (i.e. giving the oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr).
    Source URL: http://www.al-islam.org/shiite-encyclopedia-ahlul-bayt-dilp-team/attacking-house-fatimah
    [1] mailto:ashah@bass.gmu.EDU
    [2] mailto:ashah@bass.gmu.edu

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